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common name for small shore fishes, belonging to the family Antherinidae, abundant in the warmer waters of the Atlantic and Pacific, and named for the silvery stripe on either side of the body. Silversides, known commercially as whitebait, eat insects and small crustaceans. The small (3 in./7.5 cm) tidewater silversides, Menidia menidia, is found along the Atlantic coast; the similar brook silversides is a freshwater species. Larger and better known is the California grunion (5–8 in./12.5–20 cm), which rides in on high tides to lay its eggs in the sand. Beached grunions are collected by hand in large quantities. Other Pacific silversides are the top smelts and jack smelts, important to California's fisheries. Silversides are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Atheriniformes, family Antherinidae.



(family Atherinidae), fish from the suborder Mugiloidea. Most silversides are up to 15 cm in length, and certain species are as long as 30 cm. The eggs of many species have filiform processes by which they attach themselves to vegetation. Silversides are found in the littoral areas of seas in the tropics, the subtropics, some parts of the temperate zones, and more rarely in fresh water. In the USSR there are three species of silversides in the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They have also been introduced into the Aral Sea. They feed on small invertebrates and in turn serve as food for many commercial fish. Some silversides—for example, the grunion—are commercially important.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus the goal of this study was to determine the population genetic structure of the Argentine silverside in four important areas used for recreational, commercial and repopulation purposes (Chascomus Lake, Chasico Lake, Cabra Corral Reservoir and Rio de la Plata).
The Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia) is one of the most abundant estuarine species along the east coast of North America from Nova Scotia, Canada, to Florida (Middaugh et al.
Stable isotope evidence for trophic overlap of sympatric Mexican Lake Chapala silversides (Teleostei: Atherinopsidae: Chirostoma spp.
Mississippi Silversides also have a much finer and reticulated melanophore pattern on dorsolateral scales consisting of a single row of finely divided melanophores bordering each scale in contrast to several rows of darker concentrated cells in the native species.
Indicator-species analysis identified Daphnia lumholtzi as the only prey item that differentiated the diets of the two silversides in the TTW habitats (Indicator value = 62.
These findings are in agreement with results reported by other researchers (Scott and Silversides, 2000; Samli et al.
SILVERSIDES & SCOTT (2001) concluiram que o pH do albumen aumenta com o tempo de estocagem, mas nao aumenta com a idade do animal.
In this contribution, annual variation of direct and indirect condition indices (somatic, gonadosomatic, liversomatic, mesenteric fat and relative weight index) by gender for silversides from a characteristic shallow lake of the pampasic region was analysed.
He calculates that if the silversides maintain their current pace, they will need a total of 12 years to return to their former size.
For other fish that don't reproduce as often as silversides, it may take many times longer.
Basado en los hallazgos de Silversides, se conoce que la taquicardia supraventricular tiene mayor incidencia en el segundo trimestre y al momento del parto, y la fibrilacion auricular durante el segundo trimestre, con una escasa presentacion durante el parto.