simile


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Related to simile: metaphor, figures of speech

simile

(sĭm`əlē) [Lat.,=likeness], in rhetoric, a figure of speech in which an object is explicitly compared to another object. Robert Burns's poem "A Red Red Rose" contains two straightforward similes:
My love is like a red, red rose
  That's newly sprung in June:
My love is like the melody
  That's sweetly played in tune.
The epic, or Homeric, simile is an elaborate, formal, and sustained simile derived from those of Homer.

Simile

 

a category in stylistics and poetics; a figure of speech comparing two things that share a common feature. The aim of the simile is to reveal new and important attributes in the thing being compared. For example, the simile “The poet’s madness eternal/Is like a fresh spring amid the ruins” (V. Solov’ev) indirectly evokes an image of the unfailing “pulse” and “boundless” vital force of the poetic word against a background of “finite” empirical reality.

A simile is comprised of the thing being compared (the object of the simile), the thing with which it is juxtaposed (the means), and their common feature (the basis of the simile). The simile enhances a line’s literary effect by revealing the basic trait of the object of the simile and other attributes of the object as well.

The simile is widely used in folklore and poetry. It may be figurative, for example, “And their curls as white as morning snow on the glorious summit of a burial mound” (A. S. Pushkin), or emotive, for example, “Beautiful as an angel from heaven” (M. Iu. Lermonotov); it may also combine both functions. The conjunctions “as,” “like,” “as if,” and “similar to” generally join the parts of the simile.

V. V. KURILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Hayek's subsequent work and to "expand upon" the simile
The poem has little room for simile: power imposes laws of identity whose force is to let metaphor absorb details into protracted allegoresis:
Wisdom was likened to pheasant and its simile mode is putting the head in the dust and it is called posted and detailed similes.
Simile, "like," can do justice (as metaphor may not) to antithetical aspects of one object, and to the vagueness and slipperiness of an object that remains abstract, .or inward, or hard to pin down: Though like waves breaking it may be, Or like a changed familiar tree, Or like a stairway to the sea, Where down the blind are driven.
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Write the words simile, metaphor, and personification on the board or interactive whiteboard.
Perhaps that's why Christ Jesus used the simile of sheep and lambs to describe those who were obedient, trusting and who followed him - the "Good Shepherd".
Other tools, such as Timeplot and Semantic Bank from the SIMILE project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (http://simile.mit.edu), put the power of interactive data visualizations in a web browser.
Poets create moments of exploration by employing the building blocks of poetry--the simile and the metaphor.