siphon

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siphon

(sī`fən, –fŏn), tube or other enclosed conduit through which a liquid is lifted over an elevation and then emptied at a lower level. The movement of the liquid is driven primarily by the force of gravity. A siphon is typically shaped like an inverted J or U; to operate, it must discharge at a level lower than that of the liquid's surface on the intake side. The siphon must be filled before it will operate; suction is sometimes used initially to draw a liquid into a empty siphon.

Siphon

 

a bent tube with legs of different lengths, through which a liquid flows from a vessel at a higher leveito a vessel at a lower level (see Figure 1). In order to start the operation, the siphon must first be filled with the liquid. The action of a siphon results from the fact that the pressure on the liquid volume filling the upper (hatched) section of the siphon applied from the direction of the upper reservoir, that is, from the left, is higher than that applied from the direction of the lower reservoir, that is, from the right. Thus, at the moment when the flow starts, the pressure on the left is equal to p0γh1 and the pressure on the right is equal to p0 - γh2, where γ is the specific weight of the liquid, p0 is the pressure on the free surface of the liquid, and h2 > h1. In this manner, when the liquid is flowing

Figure 1. Diagram of the operation of a siphon

through the siphon, a pressure is established in the upper section that is lower than p0. The greater the difference in the heights h2 - h1 and the greater the liquid’s energy loss in overcoming the resistance of the tube, the greater the pressure drop in the upper section. This circumstance limits the difference in the heights of the liquid and, consequently, the operation of the siphon; when the pressure in the flow is below a certain limit, the column of liquid is disrupted. When cold water at atmospheric pressure is being transferred by a siphon, the maximum difference in the heights is usually no more than 6 to 7 m.

siphon

[′sī·fən]
(botany)
A tubular element in various algae.
(engineering)
A tube, pipe, or hose through which a liquid can be moved from a higher to a lower level by atmospheric pressure forcing it up the shorter leg while the weight of the liquid in the longer leg causes continuous downward flow.
(geology)
A passage in a cave system that connects with a water trap.
(invertebrate zoology)
A tubular structure for intake or output of water in bivalves and other mollusks.
The sucking-type of proboscis in many arthropods.

siphon

, syphon
1. a tube placed with one end at a certain level in a vessel of liquid and the other end outside the vessel below this level, so that atmospheric pressure forces the liquid through the tube and out of the vessel
2. See soda siphon
3. Zoology any of various tubular organs in different aquatic animals, such as molluscs and elasmobranch fishes, through which a fluid, esp water, passes
References in periodicals archive ?
Sipho thick anteriorly while narrower distally with slightly s-shaped terminal end; siphonal capsule with opposite thick large tetragonal while adjacent arm very minute pointed; median lobe narrow deeply sharped apically slightly longer than parameres; parameres strongly narrow medially converged; trabes broadly bifurcated apically.
Description: Shell fusiform with high, orthoconoid spire and truncated base; b/l 0.380.43, a/l 0.33-0.39; whorls convex, not shouldered, subsutural region concave and sloping, suture not undulating, base of last whorl constricted above rostrum into a deeply concave "waist"; rostrum forming a strongly convex fasciole; aperture narrowly elliptical; siphonal canal strongly contracted but expanded terminally, end truncate, in dorsal view concave, with a slight projection medially.
Within the Busycotypus canaliculars fishery, breakage of the siphonal canal prevents accurate SL measurement giving rise to management interest in SW measurement for regulatory MLS.
The densities found during the research activities for this article can only confirm a decrease in population density and mean siphonal length of conchs.
The siphonal length (SL) and the lip thickness (LT) were registered with a caliper with a precision of 0.1mm.
The shell is thick and conical; central apex smooth, the outer margin is nearly smooth with faintly marked siphonal groove.
Where specimens are well preserved, it is seen that the overall distribution of the spikes is very variable among taxa; e.g., in Laternula rostrata they are absent in the siphonal area (Fig.
Hatchlings from May, June, and July spawns (at the laboratory) were classified according to their SL ([+ or -]SD: the distance between the apex and the end point of siphonal canal, mm) and placed in stock tanks/aquariums.
Male genitalia: Sipho very slender, extremely long, strongly curved, with a large siphonal capsule (Fig.
Abyssochrysoids with tall shell, predominating spiral sculpture, multispiral, probably planktotrophic, multispiral protoconch; aperture with no trace of siphonal canal.