sirocco


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sirocco

(sərŏk`ō) [Ital., from Arab. sharq=east], hot, dust-laden, dry, southerly wind originating in the N African desert (most commonly in the spring) and reaching Italy and nearby Mediterranean areas. The term more generally denotes any oppressive, warm, southerly or southeasterly wind in this region.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sirocco

 

a warm and strong southern or southeastern wind from the remote regions of the desert in North Africa and the Arabian peninsula that blows primarily on the Mediterranean Sea basin. Although the sirocco takes up moisture as it moves across the Mediterranean, it still primarily has a drying effect on the vegetation of much of the European Mediterranean. The wind is especially felt in Italy and on the Dalmatian coast of Yugoslavia, where it occurs most often during the spring. On the lee side of mountain slopes a sirocco sometimes acquires the characteristics of a foehn. [23–1370–]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

sirocco

[sə′rä·kō]
(meteorology)
A warm south or southeast wind in advance of a depression moving eastward across the southern Mediterranean Sea or North Africa.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

sirocco

sirocco
A type of warm wind in the Mediterranean.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

sirocco

1. a hot oppressive and often dusty wind usually occurring in spring, beginning in N Africa and reaching S Europe
2. any hot southerly wind, esp one moving to a low pressure centre
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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