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a genre of medieval romance literature, a poem in stanzas with a borrowed melody. Originally, during the 12th and 13th centuries, the sirventes was counterposed in Provençal literature to the love lyric as a lyric of political, didactic, or martial content. From the 14th to 16th centuries in Provence and France, the sirventes was a religious lyric. In Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries, the sirventes retained all the characteristics of a political lyric.
PUBLICATIONPoeziia trubadurov, poeziia minnezingerov, poeziia vagantov. Moscow, 1974.
REFERENCESShishmarev, V. Lirika i lirikipozdnego srednevekov’ia. Paris, 1911. Pages 123, 142–48.
Storost, J. Ursprung und Entwicklung des altrovenzalischen Sirventes bis auf Bertran de Born. Halle, 1931.
Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Age. Paris, 1964. Pages 690-92. [23-133W]