sleep apnea


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Related to sleep apnea: narcolepsy, sleep paralysis, Sleep disorders

sleep apnea,

episodes of interrupted breathing during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway during sleep; the person wakes just enough to take a gasping breath. This process is repeated many times during sleep and usually is not remembered the next day. Those suffering from severe obstructive sleep apnea typically complain of sleepiness, irritability, forgetfulness, and difficulty in concentrating. They may have difficulties in their occupational or social lives and be prone to motor vehicle accidents.

Most people with obstructive sleep apnea tend to be obese and snore loudly. The disorder has been medically linked to hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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, which in turn puts people at greater risk of heart failure and stroke. Weight reduction in persons who are overweight is an important factor in effective treatment. Alcoholic drinks near bedtime and sleeping pills should be avoided. Sometimes obstructive sleep apnea can be treated by surgically correcting the narrowing of the airway. Another option is continuous positive airway pressure, which involves wearing a mask over the nose and mouth during sleep; this treatment keeps the airway open by forcing air into the nasal passages. A different type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the brain's regulation of breathing during sleep.

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Complex sleep apnea syndrome or Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea occurs when a person has both obstructive and central sleep apnea.
NTSB confirmed this week that undiagnosed and treated sleep apnea was the probable cause in the derailment of a New Jersey Transit train at the Hoboken Terminal that killed one person and injured 110 in September 2016 and in the Long Island Rail Road accident at Atlantic Terminal that injured 108 people in January 2017.
These lawsuits came after two big train crashes connected to engineers suffering from sleep apnea.
Snoring is a prime characteristic of sleep apnea, as it usually involves excess soft tissue of the throat, which in turn blocks adequate airflow.
Robust growth of wearable sleep apnea diagnostic devices is expected in the near future due to rise in adoption of home sleep testing services.
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Researchers say the findings highlight the potential for sleep apnea, a notoriously under-diagnosed condition, to be misdiagnosed as depression.
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with symptoms suggestive of Obstructive sleep apnea.
Central sleep apnea isn't related to blockage of an airway.
Global Sleep Apnea Diagnostic and Therapeutic Devices Market 2015-2019