sleeping sickness


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sleeping sickness:

see encephalitisencephalitis
, general term used to describe a diffuse inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, usually of viral origin, often transmitted by mosquitoes, in contrast to a bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), known as meningitis.
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; trypanosomiasistrypanosomiasis
, infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome, which exists as a parasite in the blood of a number of vertebrate hosts. The three variations of the disease that predominate in humans are transmitted by an insect vector.
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sleeping sickness

[′slēp·iŋ ‚sik·nəs]

sleeping sickness

1. an African disease caused by infection with protozoans of the genus Trypanosoma, characterized by fever, wasting, and sluggishness
2. an epidemic viral form of encephalitis characterized by extreme drowsiness
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, the scientists involved in studying the consequences of the radiation share the opinion that radiation doesn't cause sleepiness and sleeping sickness was never observed in the areas contaminated by radiation.
Attempts to control the flies and hence reduce the prevalence of sleeping sickness began in the early 20th century--first by removing the fly's preferred habitat, then by spraying DDT and finally by the use of traps and targets.
Suramin is an inhibitor of purinergic signalling that has been used to treat African sleeping sickness since shortly after it was first synthesised in 1916.
Neill argues that up until 1914 researchers from all three nations cooperated in using their expert knowledge to combat sleeping sickness.
A survey of sleeping sickness in northern Nigeria from the earliest time to the present day.
East African sleeping sickness is rapidly progressive disease causing mental deterioration, neurological problems and death ithin months.
It turns out that the parasite that causes African sleeping sickness (Trypanosoma brucei) is destroyed by lysis in the bloodstream of individuals with certain versions of this gene.
When bad times strike, a mysterious fog engulfs the countryside, ruining crops and bringing hunger and sleeping sickness.
He is a world authority on infectious diseases of the nervous system, and his point is to inform non-scientists about the history and profound importance of human African trypanosomiasis, sleeping sickness, and its vector, the tsetse fly, which holds 60 million people hostage across the continent.
The timeframe of transition from the first stage to the second occurs more rapidly in those infected with Rhodesian sleeping sickness.
The available treatments for largely neglected diseases such as chagas, visceral leishmaniasis, and sleeping sickness are not only archaic, toxic, ineffective and unaffordable, but are also painful," a senior scientist from ICMR said.