sleeping sickness


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sleeping sickness:

see encephalitisencephalitis
, general term used to describe a diffuse inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, usually of viral origin, often transmitted by mosquitoes, in contrast to a bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord), known as meningitis.
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; trypanosomiasistrypanosomiasis
, infectious disease caused by a protozoan organism, the trypanosome, which exists as a parasite in the blood of a number of vertebrate hosts. The three variations of the disease that predominate in humans are transmitted by an insect vector.
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sleeping sickness

[′slēp·iŋ ‚sik·nəs]

sleeping sickness

1. an African disease caused by infection with protozoans of the genus Trypanosoma, characterized by fever, wasting, and sluggishness
2. an epidemic viral form of encephalitis characterized by extreme drowsiness
References in periodicals archive ?
Sleeping sickness in south-eastern Uganda: a spatio-temporal analysis of disease risk, 1970-2003.
The Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) is a not-for-profit research and development organization working to deliver new treatments for neglected diseases, in particular sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis), Chagas disease, leishmaniasis, specific helminth infections, paediatric HIV, and malaria.
The drug of choice for treating the hemolymphatic stage of Gambian sleeping sickness is pentamidine isethionate as it has a cure rate of 93-98%.
The "Spanish" flu attacked mostly healthy young adults, and it was followed by a mysterious encephalitic sleeping sickness that affected a further five million people.
Meanwhile, the double-edged nature of these APOL1 genetic variants--latching on to and inactivating the parasite that causes sleeping sickness but apparently damaging kidneys--is eerily similar to the sickle-cell genetic trait.
Sleeping sickness is a disease that one studies during medical school and sleep medicine fellowship as interesting trivia or a "zebra" to be asked during one's board certification exam.
has announced that the FDA has granted Orphan Drug Designation to pafuramidine (DB289) for treating Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as African sleeping sickness.
Two patients with African sleeping sickness (SS) presented to the neurology unit, Pretoria Academic Hospital, during 2004 and 2005.
These could include malaria, tuberculosis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, sleeping sickness and other diseases.
SCIENTISTS say they have pinpointed a "valuable" lead in the battle against one of Africa's worst scourges - the disease of sleeping sickness.
Sleeping sickness affects an estimated 50,000-500,000 people, mainly in rural sub-Saharan Africa.
Since then he has been involved in research, particularly into African sleeping sickness.