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the designation of various textile materials, such as semifinished products in thread production, as well as fabric made in the form of a narrow strip. In spinning, the sliver is a loose product consisting of many continuous, long, more or less even and parallel fibers; it is made on carding and combing machines. Fabric sliver is strips of fabric (usually 1–10 cm wide) of various fiber content, with selvage. Slivers may be ornamental, or they may be used for finishing (for dresses or hats), trim (for lace on underwear or for shoulder straps), or reinforcement (on garters or suspenders). Some slivers—for example, those used for ribbons—undergo special finishing, such as the production of a moiré effect or crimping.