Sloth Bear


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Sloth Bear: Spectacled Bear

Sloth Bear

 

(Melursus ursinus), a mammal of the family Ursidae. It is characterized by a long and mobile snout and lips that can protrude greatly. Its claws are long and sickleshaped, adapted for tree climbing and digging in the ground for plant roots and termite nests; sloth bears dig holes up to 1.5 m deep searching for termites. The sloth bear’s body is massive and clumsy and is covered with thick, shaggy fur that forms a sort of mane on the neck and shoulders. Body length, up to 180 cm; height at the shoulders, 61–91 cm; weight, 54–136 kg (usually 90–115 kg). The coloration is shiny black; the tip of the snout a muddy gray, and there is a white horseshoe-shaped marking on the chest.

The sloth bear is found in mountainous and hilly forests of Hindustan and Ceylon. It is primarily nocturnal. It feeds on fruit, the green parts of plants, and insects. It often climbs trees. The animal is active all year. The cubs (one to two, less frequently, three) are born from October through February (usually in December-January). In some localities sloth bears damage sugarcane plantations, date palm groves, and apiaries. They are hunted, and in many areas of Hindustan their numbers are sharply diminished; their fur is not of great commercial value.

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: BENGALURU(Cihan) - The indiscriminate mining and the proposed steel plant is threatening the very existence of Sloth bears in Bellary's Daroji Bear Sanctuary.
Although this tiger reserve spread over in 880 square km is known mostly for its tigers, the forests, grasslands and swamps have also supported populations of leopard, hog deer, spotted deer, sambar, sloth bear, barking deer, four-horned antelopes and rhinoceros as well.
GRIN AND BEAR THEM TONIGHT'S edition explores the inspiration for Baloo in Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book - we're heading to India to observe an adorable Indian sloth bear.
Although outlawed in 1972 by the Wildlife Protection Act, but mostly ignored by Indian authorities, the practice, which involved poaching sloth bear cubs - an endangered species - and killing the mothers, was mostly ignored by Indian authorities.
E LEPHANT dung, deer droppings, sloth bear and leopard scat tell you which pawed and hoofed animals lurked around the night before when you were by the bonfire.
Maharashtra's forest department staff at the protection camp also say they have spotted tiger, leopard and sloth bear which are slowly becoming regular visitors.
HOME BOY James and Lucy with baby Benjamin EDGY Tamsin Greig as Charlie's mum ADORABLE Indian sloth bear SUSPICIONS Chaos at the pub after money is stolen in Corrie
Spread over 495 sq km of tropical deciduous forests and grasslands it is home to the leopard, sloth bear and more.
The national parks also have impressive rosters of other animals, including spotted deer, wild boar, wild dogs, sloth bear, Indian fox, wolf and jungle cat.
She and her colleagues at International Animal Rescue marked their 500th sloth bear rescue.
COUNTRY GIRLS The four participants in the ICA Bootcamp LONG BATTLE Louise Mason ADORABLE Indian sloth bear SUSPICIONS Chaos at the pub after money is stolen in Corrie