Sloth Bear

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Related to sloth bears: Ursus ursinus

Sloth Bear

 

(Melursus ursinus), a mammal of the family Ursidae. It is characterized by a long and mobile snout and lips that can protrude greatly. Its claws are long and sickleshaped, adapted for tree climbing and digging in the ground for plant roots and termite nests; sloth bears dig holes up to 1.5 m deep searching for termites. The sloth bear’s body is massive and clumsy and is covered with thick, shaggy fur that forms a sort of mane on the neck and shoulders. Body length, up to 180 cm; height at the shoulders, 61–91 cm; weight, 54–136 kg (usually 90–115 kg). The coloration is shiny black; the tip of the snout a muddy gray, and there is a white horseshoe-shaped marking on the chest.

The sloth bear is found in mountainous and hilly forests of Hindustan and Ceylon. It is primarily nocturnal. It feeds on fruit, the green parts of plants, and insects. It often climbs trees. The animal is active all year. The cubs (one to two, less frequently, three) are born from October through February (usually in December-January). In some localities sloth bears damage sugarcane plantations, date palm groves, and apiaries. They are hunted, and in many areas of Hindustan their numbers are sharply diminished; their fur is not of great commercial value.

References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking to media after screening a 16-minute documentary featuring the sloth bear's existence senior journalist Maya Jaideep, who was part of the two-member team, said that the setting up of the steel plant will completely destroy the existence of sloth bears in the region.
SLOTH BEARS feed by placing their long snouts down termite mounds and using their prodigious lungs to suck out the contents.
Sloth bears are an endangered species but thousands dance for money in Goa, southern India.
She and her colleagues at International Animal Rescue marked their 500th sloth bear rescue.
Sloth bears rip your face off with their teeth and claws.
Among other stories, the series showcases a man who's dedicated his life to rescuing poached sloth bears forced to entertain and dance on the streets of Agra, India, and a biologist in Sumatra who's doing everything she can to help save the orangutan population from total extinction.
Today, in India, no more than 15,000 sloth bears exist in the wild, making them vulnerable to extinction.
The 28-year-old blonde with sparkling gray-blue eyes was offered the job after spending three months in northern India conducting animal behavior research at an IAR sanctuary for rescued sloth bears.
It is spread across 83 sq km and is one of the finest habitats in the country for sloth bears, which have been declared " vulnerable" under the Red List of Threatened Species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN).
Kaziranga, with its tall thickets of elephant grass, is an ideal habitat for the pachyderms the famed one-horned rhino, tigers, wild buffaloes, sloth bears, and deer.
Sloth bears are the most sociable of the world's bears, but have become endangered because of poaching and deforestation.