Sloth Bear

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Related to sloth bears: Ursus ursinus

Sloth Bear

 

(Melursus ursinus), a mammal of the family Ursidae. It is characterized by a long and mobile snout and lips that can protrude greatly. Its claws are long and sickleshaped, adapted for tree climbing and digging in the ground for plant roots and termite nests; sloth bears dig holes up to 1.5 m deep searching for termites. The sloth bear’s body is massive and clumsy and is covered with thick, shaggy fur that forms a sort of mane on the neck and shoulders. Body length, up to 180 cm; height at the shoulders, 61–91 cm; weight, 54–136 kg (usually 90–115 kg). The coloration is shiny black; the tip of the snout a muddy gray, and there is a white horseshoe-shaped marking on the chest.

The sloth bear is found in mountainous and hilly forests of Hindustan and Ceylon. It is primarily nocturnal. It feeds on fruit, the green parts of plants, and insects. It often climbs trees. The animal is active all year. The cubs (one to two, less frequently, three) are born from October through February (usually in December-January). In some localities sloth bears damage sugarcane plantations, date palm groves, and apiaries. They are hunted, and in many areas of Hindustan their numbers are sharply diminished; their fur is not of great commercial value.

References in periodicals archive ?
It went after the sloth bear but she kept charging in order to protect her cub," Kumar told Indian news network NDTV.
Lameness and its Management in a Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinsu).
Speaking to media after screening a 16-minute documentary featuring the sloth bear's existence senior journalist Maya Jaideep, who was part of the two-member team, said that the setting up of the steel plant will completely destroy the existence of sloth bears in the region.
SLOTH BEARS feed by placing their long snouts down termite mounds and using their prodigious lungs to suck out the contents.
In 1911 George IV bagged 39 tigers and 11 rhinos, while in 1939 a hunting team that included the British Viceroy killed 38 rhinos, 27 leopards, 15 sloth bears and 120 tigers -- more adult tigers than are currently alive in Chitwan.
Sloth bears have long lips, and they have a gap between their front teeth.
Located about 100 kilometres away from Kathmandu, Chitwan is well-known for its populations of tigers, leopards, sloth bears and over 500 one-horned rhinos.
He explained how their work over two decades included rehabilitating the Kalandar communities who depended hugely on the sloth bears for a livelihood and the challenges faced by the organisation.
BEING rescued from cruel entertainment for humans is only the beginning of an uphill challenge for endangered Indian sloth bears.
Unlike brown and black bears, sloth bears have lankier builds, long shaggy coats that form a mane around the face, long sickle shaped claws and a specially adapted lower lip and palate used for sucking insects.
Kerala is home to a wide variety of fauna like Asian elephants, Bengal tigers, leopards, grizzled giant squirrels, lion-tailed macaques, sloth bears and the Indian bison.