Sloth Bear

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Related to sloth bears: Ursus ursinus

Sloth Bear

 

(Melursus ursinus), a mammal of the family Ursidae. It is characterized by a long and mobile snout and lips that can protrude greatly. Its claws are long and sickleshaped, adapted for tree climbing and digging in the ground for plant roots and termite nests; sloth bears dig holes up to 1.5 m deep searching for termites. The sloth bear’s body is massive and clumsy and is covered with thick, shaggy fur that forms a sort of mane on the neck and shoulders. Body length, up to 180 cm; height at the shoulders, 61–91 cm; weight, 54–136 kg (usually 90–115 kg). The coloration is shiny black; the tip of the snout a muddy gray, and there is a white horseshoe-shaped marking on the chest.

The sloth bear is found in mountainous and hilly forests of Hindustan and Ceylon. It is primarily nocturnal. It feeds on fruit, the green parts of plants, and insects. It often climbs trees. The animal is active all year. The cubs (one to two, less frequently, three) are born from October through February (usually in December-January). In some localities sloth bears damage sugarcane plantations, date palm groves, and apiaries. They are hunted, and in many areas of Hindustan their numbers are sharply diminished; their fur is not of great commercial value.

References in periodicals archive ?
It went after the sloth bear but she kept charging in order to protect her cub," Kumar told Indian news network NDTV.
But Elvis was lucky and rescuers from charity International Animal Rescue found him - the youngest dancing sloth bear to be freed from the barbaric trade in India.
Speaking to media after screening a 16-minute documentary featuring the sloth bear's existence senior journalist Maya Jaideep, who was part of the two-member team, said that the setting up of the steel plant will completely destroy the existence of sloth bears in the region.
So you can spot tigers, leopards, black panthers, sloth bears and more than 250 endemic birds.
You can watch animals from the comfort of your own home by clicking on this website to use a web camera to see the Amazon river fishes, Andean bear cubs, clouded leopard cubs, golden lion tamarins, kiwis, Sumatran tigers, sloth bears, giant pandas, and more!
FEEL THE SLOTH BEARS (The Washington Post, Washington)
Originally a private reserve, it offers excellent game viewing, including leopards, wild boars and sloth bears.
In 1911 George IV bagged 39 tigers and 11 rhinos, while in 1939 a hunting team that included the British Viceroy killed 38 rhinos, 27 leopards, 15 sloth bears and 120 tigers -- more adult tigers than are currently alive in Chitwan.
* Sloth bears have long lips, and they have a gap between their front teeth.
Located about 100 kilometres away from Kathmandu, Chitwan is well-known for its populations of tigers, leopards, sloth bears and over 500 one-horned rhinos.
He explained how their work over two decades included rehabilitating the Kalandar communities who depended hugely on the sloth bears for a livelihood and the challenges faced by the organisation.
In india many families have dancing sloth bears. The bear cubs are brought up as part of families and when they get to a certain age they drill a hole through the roof of the mouths of the bears.