While potential temperature is shown in Table 1, these very small perturbation
magnitudes propagate into every prognostic variable and travel three-dimensionally.
Tan, "Scattering of electromagnetic waves from 3D multilayer random rough surfaces based on the second-order small perturbation
method: energy conservation, reflectivity, and emissivity," Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol.
As a small perturbation
with energy E is added along the constant [mu] trajectory in the Kruskal coordinate to one of the boundary at early time [t.sub.w], one finds that a bound of infinite energy accumulates near the horizon and a shock wave geometry forms at t = 0, which is the so-called butterfly effect in the AdS blackholes .
A Small Perturbation
of One-Dimensional Steady State Water.
[5,12] indicated that by embedding a small perturbation
in a DAE system, a corresponding ODE system can be obtained.
For a trading strategy [phi], a small perturbation
[DELTA], and a partition [tau] of [0, T], the risk quotient [r.sup.[tau]][[phi], [DELTA]] is defined as
Moghaddam, "Study of validity region of small perturbation
method for two-layer rough surfaces," IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol.
Simulation is made to investigate evolution of small perturbation
, lateral stability of vehicle, and vehicle's fuel consumption, respectively.
In the perturbation method, a properly chosen small perturbation
parameter should be provided during the solution.
Classical analytic methods include the small perturbation
method (SPM) and the Kirchhoff approximation (KA), which have been extensively studied in [1, 2].
Light is not a small perturbation
anymore; it couples strongly with the material.