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a place in which metal, usually iron or steel, is worked by heating and hammering; forge



(Kuznitsa), a literary group founded in 1920 by poets who seceded from the Proletkurt (Proletarian Cultural and Educational Organization). Among its members were V. D. Aleksandrovskii, M. P. Gerasimov, V. V. Kazin, V. T. Kirillov, S. A. Obradovich, N. G. Poletaev, and G. A. Sannikov. The group’s theoretical platform developed through polemics with the dogmatic pronouncements of Proletkul’t, which restricted the development of poetry. In general, however, the group’s theoretical principles remained within the framework of Proletkul’t, with its oversimplified sociological ideas concerning the development of post-October culture.

The poetry of the Smithy group is an outstanding example of proletarian romantic lyricism of the first years of the Soviet era. By the mid-1920’s a strong group of prose writers emerged within the Smithy, including F. V. Gladkov, N. N. Liashko, A. S. Novikov-Priboi, P. G. Nizovoi, and V. M. Bakhmet’ev. Such programmatic works as Gladkov’s Cement and Liashko’s The Blast Furnace became classics of Soviet literature of the 1920’s. In 1931 the group merged with RAPP (Russian Association of Proletarian Writers). In 1920–22 the Smithy published the magazine Kuznitsa and in 1924–25, Rabochii Zhurnal (Workers’ Magazine).


Papernyi, Z. S. “Proletarskaia poeziia pervykh let sovetskoi epokhi.” In Proletarskie poety pervykh let sovetskoi epokhi. Leningrad, 1959.
Voronskii, A. “Prozaiki i poety Kuznitsy.” In Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i. Moscow, 1963.
Farber, L. M. Sovetskaia literatura pervykh dnei revoliutsii (1917-1922). Moscow, 1966.
Skvortsova, L. A. “Zhurnaly Kuznitsy.” In Ocherki istorii russkoi sovetskoi zhurnalistiki, 1917–1932. Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
Smithy has over 3,300 followers on his police Twitter account - @WMPCSIDOGsmithy, and Terry is hoping all his followers will donate at least PS1 which will go a long way to reaching his target.
Please, Vote Smithy for president, and make him the new 'special one'.
Kirklees Council said that although there are No Entry signs at the Wakefield Road junction with Smithy Lane, Smithy Lane itself has never been subject to a formal oneway order.
The Hetton Smithy project has also been nationally recognised by being shortlisted in one of English Heritage's 'Heritage Angel' categories, which is for the best rescue of an industrial building or site.
Corden, 35, star of the National Theatre's One Man, Two Guvnors, has taken Smithy from Barry Island, where Gavin & Stacey, is set to Comic Relief, Sports Relief and even BBC Sports Personality of the Year.
It is believed the smithy was first established on the site in 1805, the year of the Battle of Trafalgar.
David Beaumont, conservation architect for the project, said: "The smithy is a fantastic historical building and its present condition reflects the years of service it has provided to the community.
Now Smithy has gone global by starting his own page on the Twitter social networking site, where he muses about his life,as well as keeping followers updated on cases.
We had Smithy with Rio Ferdinand and Wayne Rooney, Andy Murray, Tom Daley and Freddie Flintoff.
The words Old Smithy conjure up images of a crumbing rustic building, brick walls blackened with age and soot from the forge, maybe a wheezy old bellows gathering dust and cobwebs in the corner.
KEVIN WHITE speaks to John Roberts, from Roberts and Sons, Smithy Garage Q
STONEWALL SMITHY proved his success in Monday's heats of the Coral TV Maiden Stayers over 575m at Romford was no fluke by conjuring up another trap-to-line victory in the final on Friday night, writes Tony Bullen.