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a place in which metal, usually iron or steel, is worked by heating and hammering; forge
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Kuznitsa), a literary group founded in 1920 by poets who seceded from the Proletkurt (Proletarian Cultural and Educational Organization). Among its members were V. D. Aleksandrovskii, M. P. Gerasimov, V. V. Kazin, V. T. Kirillov, S. A. Obradovich, N. G. Poletaev, and G. A. Sannikov. The group’s theoretical platform developed through polemics with the dogmatic pronouncements of Proletkul’t, which restricted the development of poetry. In general, however, the group’s theoretical principles remained within the framework of Proletkul’t, with its oversimplified sociological ideas concerning the development of post-October culture.

The poetry of the Smithy group is an outstanding example of proletarian romantic lyricism of the first years of the Soviet era. By the mid-1920’s a strong group of prose writers emerged within the Smithy, including F. V. Gladkov, N. N. Liashko, A. S. Novikov-Priboi, P. G. Nizovoi, and V. M. Bakhmet’ev. Such programmatic works as Gladkov’s Cement and Liashko’s The Blast Furnace became classics of Soviet literature of the 1920’s. In 1931 the group merged with RAPP (Russian Association of Proletarian Writers). In 1920–22 the Smithy published the magazine Kuznitsa and in 1924–25, Rabochii Zhurnal (Workers’ Magazine).


Papernyi, Z. S. “Proletarskaia poeziia pervykh let sovetskoi epokhi.” In Proletarskie poety pervykh let sovetskoi epokhi. Leningrad, 1959.
Voronskii, A. “Prozaiki i poety Kuznitsy.” In Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i. Moscow, 1963.
Farber, L. M. Sovetskaia literatura pervykh dnei revoliutsii (1917-1922). Moscow, 1966.
Skvortsova, L. A. “Zhurnaly Kuznitsy.” In Ocherki istorii russkoi sovetskoi zhurnalistiki, 1917–1932. Moscow, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The battered old estate even has its original number plate and the "Smithy's" sign on the back window.
David Webb, Smithy's new owner, said: "There's a few places that will be interesting to go to - we'll definitely get photos with Gwen's house and go along that terraced street.
David Webb, Smithy's new owner, said: "There's a few places that will be interesting to go to -- we'll definitely get photos with Gwen's house and go along that terraced street.
A spokesman for North Wales Police said: "Following an assault on Smithy Lane, Wrexham at 4.52pm today, four males were arrested and are currently in custody.
A Network Rail spokesman said: "A road vehicle has collided with the level crossing barrier at Smithy Bridge, blocking lines."
Terry is hoping to raise PS4,121, Smithy's police collar number, for the West Midlands Police Retired Dog Fund, to leave a small legacy and help other dogs when they retire.
"It is a very confusing situation." Kirklees Council said that although there are No Entry signs at the Wakefield Road junction with Smithy Lane, Smithy Lane itself has never been subject to a formal oneway order.
The Hetton Smithy project has also been nationally recognised by being shortlisted in one of English Heritage's 'Heritage Angel' categories, which is for the best rescue of an industrial building or site.
We were inseparable, just like Smithy and Gavin in the show.
Retired Marske butcher Tommy Smith identified every person gathered around the door of the smithy, including his sister Mary, better known as Polly.
The Hetton Smithy is one of the oldest buildings in Hetton-le-Hole and has been in continuous use through its existence.
The hilarious sketch starts with Smithy (James Corden) leaving George Michael in the car at Comic Relief headquarters Smithy to George Michael before going into the charity meeting: "You are a joke George.