smokeless powder

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smokeless powder:

see explosiveexplosive,
substance that undergoes decomposition or combustion with great rapidity, evolving much heat and producing a large volume of gas. The reaction products fill a much greater volume than that occupied by the original material and exert an enormous pressure, which can be
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Smokeless Powder


a low explosive whose basic component is nitrocellulose, plasticized by one of several organic solvents. Smokeless powder is a hard, corniculate substance, similar to plastic; it is manufactured in the form of so-called powder elements—disks, tapes, grains, tubes, and so on. It is very durable and can burn steadily without blowing up under high pressure (tens or hundreds of meganewtons per sq m—that is, hundreds or thousands of kilogram-force per sq cm). The basic types of smokeless powder are ballistite, cordite, and pyroxylin powders; they differ mainly in the technology of production, in the solvents used, and in the kind of nitrocellulose. Smokeless powder is significantly superior to black powder in its burning stability and efficiency. It is used in all types of firearms, in rocket engines using solid fuel, and for other purposes. The first smokeless powder—pyroxylin powder—was invented in 1884 by the French engineer P. Vieille.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

smokeless powder

[′smōk·ləs ′pau̇d·ər]
Nitrocellulose containing 13.1 percent nitrogen with small amounts of stabilizers (amines) and plasticizers usually present, as well as various modifying agents (nitrotoluene and nitroglycerin salts); used in ammunition.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is also used extensively by private firearms enthusiasts, as NG is a component of smokeless powders (Ahlner et al.
Detection of smokeless powder residue on pipe bombs by micellar electrokinetic chromatography, Journal of Forensic Sciences (1999) 44:789-794.
Dealers and consumers are now comfortable with a muzzleloader using modern smokeless powders."
Caption: This very valuable Winchester Model 1876 (above) lost its barrel due to a double charge of smokeless powder. This Colt SAA .44-40 barrel (below) has 6 bullets stuck in it.
I was leery of using smokeless powder, although various user forum entries suggested using Unique, 5744, 4198, Blue Dot, and other smokeless powders in small quantities.
I don't know how it shoots with BP substitutes because I don't plan on hunting muzzleloader season in Colorado where you can't hunt with "smokeless powder".
Hoppe, worked in a small shed in his back yard to develop a bore cleaning solution to combat the corrosive priming and metal jacket fouling common with the then new smokeless powder loadings.
This muzzleloader has the strength to handle the higher pressures that modem smokeless powder produces.
Smokeless powder began to replace the centuries old black powder prior to the turn of the century.
Wright does warn that the amount of smokeless powder should be less than 15 percent of the charge and, for the faster shotgun powders (like Unique), the portion should be less than 10 percent.
Switching to smokeless powder, I experimented two ways.
Early in the 1900's, say about 1902, Winchester brought out a brand new smokeless powder cartridge.