Liparidae

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Liparidae

[lə′par·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The equivalent name for Lymantriidae.

Liparidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The body is elongated and reaches 50 cm in length; in many species the body is laterally compressed. The skin is delicate, mobile, and usually naked; some species have small spines. The head is large, and the nose flat. In many Liparidae the ventral fins have evolved into a sucking disk; in deep-water species the disk is underdeveloped or absent. There are 16 genera (approximately 120 species), found primarily in the seas and oceans of the arctic and temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR they inhabit the Baltic Sea, as well as Far Eastern and northern seas; they are found in shallow and extremely deep waters. The most common genus is Liparis, which dwells in shallow waters. Deep-water species belong to the genera Paraliparis and Care-proctus. Spawning occurs in winter. The eggs are deposited on colonies of hydroid polyps or, more rarely, on underground vegetation. Liparidae feed on invertebrates and small fishes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Temporarily named 'the pink, the blue and the purple Atacama Snailfish', the footage shows the fish feeding and interacting in their secret world 7,500 metres below the surface.
Dr Linley said: "There is something about the snailfish that allows them to adapt to living very deep, beyond the reach of other fish they are free of competitors and predators.
The landers were dropped overboard as many as 27 times, capturing more than 11 hours' worth of deep-sea (https://drive.google.com/file/d/1DbNIcZ8_NGvAL5th8k83tzM97DiiYKux/view?usp=sharing) footage as well as some 11,000 photographs, including those the distinct snailfish.
(1982) included Arctic lamprey, pond smelt, Hypomesus olidus; eulachon, capelin, five species of Pacific salmon, Pacific cod, walleye pollock, poachers, variegated snailfish, eelblenny, and Pacific sand lance.
The Mariana snailfish (Pseudoliparis swirei) thrives at staggering depths of up to about 8,000 meters, making it the deepest living creature yet.
2007 2008 Common name Scientific CPUE SD FO CPUE SD FO CPUE name Arctic cod Boreogadus 0.6 1.9 33 71.9 267.0 50 0.3 saida Slender Lumpenus 0.9 2.2 50 20.2 51.3 92 4.3 celbienny fabricii Unidentified Cottidae 3.5 3.0 83 8.2 17.6 67 3.0 sculpin Arctic Gymnocanthus 6.8 21.6 67 0.6 staghorn tricuspis sculpin Saffron cod Eleginus 0.3 1.2 25 0.3 gracilis Longhead dab Limanda 1.4 2.4 67 1.7 5.0 50 0.3 prohoscidea Unidentified Agonidae 2.8 4.0 67 poacher Unidentified Pleuronectidae 0.1 0.4 8 1.3 5.2 25 0.5 flatfish Atlantic Leptagonus 0.1 0.4 8 1.7 4.4 17 poacher decagonus Unidentified Liparidae 1.9 3.8 42 0.4 snailfish Shorthorn Myoxocephalus 0.1 0.4 8 1.7 4.4 50 0.2 sculpin scorpius Unidentified Ciadidae 0.6 2.0 25 0.9 cod Cape!
In these extreme northern latitudes of Baffin Bay, bycatch consisted primarily of gelatinous snailfish (Liparis fabricii), Arctic skate (Raja hyperborea), and four-beard rockling (Gaidropsarus ensis).
Unidentified snailfish O Embiotocidae Rhacochilus vacca Pile Surfperch T Cymatogaster aggregata Shiner Surfperch R Phanerodon furcatus White Surfperch T Hyperprosopon argenteum Walleye Surfperch T Embiotoca lateralis Striped Surfperch R Clinidae Clinidae spp.
Arctic staghorn sculpin 1 (t) 2 (t) (Gymnocanthus tricuspis) (4) Arctic hookear sculpin 1 (t) 0 (0) (Artediellus uncinatus) (4) Cottid larvae 0 (0) 22 (0.1) Sturgeon poacher (Agonus 0 (0) 0 (0) acipenserinus) (4) Kelp snailfish (Liparis 10 (0.3) 1 (t) tunicatus) (4) Liparis sp.