snakebite


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snakebite,

wound inflicted by the teeth of a snake. The bite of a nonvenomous snake is rarely serious. Venomous snakes have fangs, hollow teeth through which poison is injected into a victim. All types of snake venom contain a toxin that affects the nerves and tends to paralyze the victim. In addition, the venom of the coral snake, the cobra, and the South American rattlesnake contains constituents that damage blood cells and dissolve the linings of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels, causing severe or fatal internal hemorrhage and collapse. First aid for venomous snakebites consists of retarding the spread of the poison through the circulatory system by applying a constricting band or an ice pack, or by spraying ethyl chloride on the wound. It is essential that the patient avoid exertion and the taking of stimulants, as both increase the pulse rate. The constricting band should be applied above the swelling caused by the wound; it should be tight, but not tight enough to stop the pulsing of the blood. If only a few minutes have passed since the infliction of the bite, it is possible to remove much of the poison by suction (see first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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). Antivenins, which counteract the toxins, are available for most types of snake venom. The two main groups of poisonous snakes in the United States are the coral snakes, which rarely attack humans unless provoked, and the pit vipers (copperhead, cottonmouth moccasin, the various rattlers), which require no provocation.

snakebite

1. a bite inflicted by a snake, esp a venomous one
2. a drink of cider and lager
References in periodicals archive ?
The time points of HBO intervention were set based on the following: first, this project studied the acute pathological changes and treatment measures, and the poisoned rats usually died within 24 h after venom administration; second, abnormal laboratory indicators could be detected within 5 h in clinical snakebite patients; third, the half-life of D.
In 2014 and 2016, about 62 per cent of claims received were from snakebites.
A dog, calf, foal, or child may experience severe snakebite symptoms and have serious complications.
This audit was undertaken to document our experience with snakebite in the western part of KZN, and to interrogate the data on patients who required some form of surgical intervention.
Snakebites are a major public health problem in Sri Lanka, costing the government nearly $10 million every year and leading to economic losses of nearly $4 million, a new study finds.
The Medical and Health Department routinely collects information concerning incident of snakebite on weekly basis under Integrated Disease Surveillance Program from all health-care providers as presumptive surveillance.
Don't bother to use a snakebite kit or extractor pump (they'll actually do more harm to your pet--and your wallet).
Humble, of Brierly Road, Cowpen Estate, Blyth, was arrested at the scene and during interview he admitted having had "seven or eight" pints of snakebite and had been "so intoxicated he could not remember what happened".
We had studied the Eternal Flame, because we did not want to do something in my hair or across the top of my head, but something that showed the respect of the Snakebite family.
Snakebite is a major killer yet remains one of the world's most neglected public health emergencies as global health actors show worryingly little interest in the issue.
If you're out for a stroll with your cat in your fenced backyard and he suffers a snakebite, his life can quickly be in danger.