snakebite


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snakebite,

wound inflicted by the teeth of a snake. The bite of a nonvenomous snake is rarely serious. Venomous snakes have fangs, hollow teeth through which poison is injected into a victim. All types of snake venom contain a toxin that affects the nerves and tends to paralyze the victim. In addition, the venom of the coral snake, the cobra, and the South American rattlesnake contains constituents that damage blood cells and dissolve the linings of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels, causing severe or fatal internal hemorrhage and collapse. First aid for venomous snakebites consists of retarding the spread of the poison through the circulatory system by applying a constricting band or an ice pack, or by spraying ethyl chloride on the wound. It is essential that the patient avoid exertion and the taking of stimulants, as both increase the pulse rate. The constricting band should be applied above the swelling caused by the wound; it should be tight, but not tight enough to stop the pulsing of the blood. If only a few minutes have passed since the infliction of the bite, it is possible to remove much of the poison by suction (see first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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). Antivenins, which counteract the toxins, are available for most types of snake venom. The two main groups of poisonous snakes in the United States are the coral snakes, which rarely attack humans unless provoked, and the pit vipers (copperhead, cottonmouth moccasin, the various rattlers), which require no provocation.

snakebite

1. a bite inflicted by a snake, esp a venomous one
2. a drink of cider and lager
References in periodicals archive ?
Maimako said that the COVIP-Plus successful clinical trials had the potential to introduce a paradigm shift in the management of snakebite in Nigeria and globally.
Rajib Al-Amin said the problem arises at the upazila level, where the physicians do not feel quite confident in treating the snakebite victims because of unavailability of the required shock management facility, and referred them to sadar hospitals.
ANTI-VENOM Also exacerbating snakebite fatalities is the global shortage of anti-venom especially in rural parts of the continent where health care facilities are far and scarce.
The organization hopes to better equip local communities with training and snakebite antivenom, with the goal of halving the number of global deaths each year due to snakebites.
Improved and strengthened production, supply and distribution of life-saving antivenoms and other commodities needed to treat snakebites will be prioritized.
During the 8-year period (2009-2016), there was a total of 125 snakebite patients (male 70%, female 30%), with an average of 15.6 snakebite patients per year.
She said five members of a family had already died of snakebite in Gadap.
The increasing incidents of snakebites have created panic among residents of Rahim Yar Khan.
Despite its one-time popularity, the likelihood of hearing someone at the bar saying "a pint of snakebite please" is very, very rare.
"This approach should also offer antivenom manufacturers with economies of scale to make snakebite treatments more affordable for the impoverished victims of the tropics who suffer the greatest burden of snakebite."
However, anti-venom is of limited effectiveness against the effects of local haemorrhage and oedema that develop rapidly after a snakebite.
The time points of HBO intervention were set based on the following: first, this project studied the acute pathological changes and treatment measures, and the poisoned rats usually died within 24 h after venom administration; second, abnormal laboratory indicators could be detected within 5 h in clinical snakebite patients; third, the half-life of D.