Sniper


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Sniper

 

a rifleman who is skilled in marksmanship, camouflage, and observation; the term “sniper” first appeared in the British Army during World War I. In the Soviet Armed Forces, sniper training was greatly expanded during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45. Snipers had the task of eliminating enemy snipers, officers, observers, couriers, artillery and machine-gun crews, low-flying aircraft, and other targets. They were armed with rifles equipped with telescopic sights, which increased aiming accuracy and made it possible to fire effectively at distances up to 800 m. Snipers usually worked in pairs: one man fired, and the other acted as an observer. Since the war, sniper training has been conducted in the armed forces of many countries. The term “sniper” is sometimes applied to marksmen in other types of units, such as artillery, armored, or aviation units.

References in periodicals archive ?
The sniper and his comrades had recently come into the area to replace a previous team who were aware that Michael and other British troops were there - but the information had not been passed on.
You see the sniper has to be an unseen but always precise foe, and that's why they are so feared by the enemy," he says.
He added that snipers must "have steady nerves, focus and good eyesight".
Racist motives: The "white man is the devil," convicted sniper Lee Boyd Malvo wrote in a jailhouse message.
Firearms are hardly new to most snipers - Davis and Wilson grew up on farms, and both owned their first rifles before they were 10.
But even while it continues with the Sniper XR acquisitions, the USAF on March 3 awarded a $32.
The killing spree was over, but not before the snipers had killed 10 people and wounded 3 in the Washington area and beyond.
Two years later, a $1,600 sniper rifle seems to have disappeared from the store like a pack of M&Ms from a convenience mart, surfacing 3,000 miles away in one of the biggest killing sprees in American history--oh, and one more thing: Bull's Eye is still open for business.
Members of the sniper task force arrested the pair in a car at a rest stop in Frederick County, Maryland, at 3:19am (0819 BST), said Larry Scott of the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Arms.
The sniper task force was reported to be on its way to the scene not far from the US capital.
Fortunately for them, they are fighting the Snipers of Marine Fighter Training Squadron (VMFT) 401.
For the first time since the beginning of the war, we had the opportunity to see our city from the same vantage as our killers, who looked through the sights of mortars and sniper rifles.