Filippo Menczer, a professor at Indiana University, says more sophisticated "social bots
" that engage with other users are probably active on Twitter and other networks but escaping detection.
Fake news, conspiracy theories, and deceptive social bots
proliferate, facilitating the manipulation of public opinion.
Automating power: Social bot
interference in global politics.
BotOrNot: A system to evaluate social bots
. In WWW '16 companion proceedings of the 25th international conference on the World Wide Web (pp.
and search engines amplify selected narratives.
and micro-targeted ads can influence elections, so we desperately need a solution to this issue.
The bad news is that some experts with particular political or social agendas have developed information "robots" called "social bots
" that can spread stories through Facebook and Twitter by impersonating media organisations, science institutions, or even personalities with (fake) millions of followers.
The parliamentary panel report said rising Jewish fears were partly due to "the growing importance of social media", which was "key to the spread of hate speech and anti-Semitic agitation." It called for closer online monitoring and for using legal instruments "to delete the social bots
and fake accounts through which anti-Semitic hate speech is spread".
Flammini, "The rise of social bots
," Communications of the ACM, vol.
The Twitter world is an ecosystems where individuals communicate in blurbs of thoughts and redactions of reason, the modern form of discourse, and it is here that the cutting edge social bots
find greatest acceptance as human beings.
By 2015, efforts to systematize and automate social engagement will result in the rise of social bots
- automated software agents that can handle, to varying degrees, interaction with communities of users in a manner personalized to each individual.