Social Gospel

(redirected from social gospeller)

Social Gospel,

liberal movement within American Protestantism that attempted to apply biblical teachings to problems associated with industrialization. It took form during the latter half of the 19th cent. under the leadership of Washington GladdenGladden, Washington,
1836–1918, American clergyman, writer, and lecturer, b. Pottsgrove, Pa. He was pastor of the First Congregational Church, Columbus, Ohio, from 1882 until his death.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Walter RauschenbuschRauschenbusch, Walter
, 1861–1918, American clergyman, b. Rochester, N.Y. In 1886 he was ordained and began work among German immigrants as pastor of the Second German Baptist Church in New York City. He studied (1891–92) economics and theology at the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who feared the isolation of religion from the working class. They believed in social progress and the essential goodness of humanity. The views of the Social Gospel movement were given formal expression in 1908 when the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America adopted what was later called "the social creed of the churches." Advocated in the creed were the abolition of child labor, better working conditions for women, one day off during the week, and the right of every worker to a living wage. With the rise of the organized labor movement in the early 20th cent. the Social Gospel movement lost much of its appeal as an independent force. However, many of its ideals were later embodied in the New Deal legislation of the 1930s.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reprinted in "The Social Gospeller," Time, 18 November 1957.
William Hutchison notes that to be a religious reformer did not mean one was a progressive and did not imply that one was a social gospeller; many period movements of "religious social reform" such as temperance were conservative (1976: 165 n.
Chapter five, a reappraisal of social gospeller Norman Thomas, begins an arc of the book that examines the slow transformation of one strand of American socialism into neoconservatism.
In addressing a meeting of strikers in 1902, Boyko writes that he said "that he supported capitalism and the right of business people to make a fair profit, but also that all workers deserved the right to organize themselves into unions, set reasonable prices for their labour, and earn a decent living through which they could raise their families." Bennett was not a Social Gospeller, but as a Methodist he could hardly fail to be influenced by its ideas.
Social gospellers formed the core of a liberalized Christianity which abandoned the 19th-century focus on individual salvation in favour of societal reform.
And as the earnestness of the original social gospellers is beyond doubt, so is the perfervid self-righteousness of their secular successors.
"I see continuing links between social gospellers such as Tommy Douglas and Stanley Knowles and contemporary people such as Bill Blaikie and Lorne Calvert, and Catholics such as Joe Comartin and Charlie Angus," Gruending says.
African American ministers who found troubling the lack of attention to racism by white social gospellers rethought social Christianity in light of African Americans' experience.
"Take away the spiritual," wrote Forsey, "and Labour's whole struggle becomes meaningless." That was a perspective he shared with social gospellers like J.
The 19th-century liberals and Social Gospellers too easily reconciled their horizons with those of the New Testament.
(10) MacDonald's thesis mentions that in Winnipeg Woodsworth originated the People's Forum where it became a platform for those like-minded social gospellers who could voice their opinions and remedies to the social problems facing Winnipeg.