Social Gospel

(redirected from social gospellers)

Social Gospel,

liberal movement within American Protestantism that attempted to apply biblical teachings to problems associated with industrialization. It took form during the latter half of the 19th cent. under the leadership of Washington GladdenGladden, Washington,
1836–1918, American clergyman, writer, and lecturer, b. Pottsgrove, Pa. He was pastor of the First Congregational Church, Columbus, Ohio, from 1882 until his death.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Walter RauschenbuschRauschenbusch, Walter
, 1861–1918, American clergyman, b. Rochester, N.Y. In 1886 he was ordained and began work among German immigrants as pastor of the Second German Baptist Church in New York City. He studied (1891–92) economics and theology at the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who feared the isolation of religion from the working class. They believed in social progress and the essential goodness of humanity. The views of the Social Gospel movement were given formal expression in 1908 when the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America adopted what was later called "the social creed of the churches." Advocated in the creed were the abolition of child labor, better working conditions for women, one day off during the week, and the right of every worker to a living wage. With the rise of the organized labor movement in the early 20th cent. the Social Gospel movement lost much of its appeal as an independent force. However, many of its ideals were later embodied in the New Deal legislation of the 1930s.
References in periodicals archive ?
Social gospellers formed the core of a liberalized Christianity which abandoned the 19th-century focus on individual salvation in favour of societal reform.
Woodsworth (1972 [1909], 1972 [1911]) and Salem Bland (1973 [1920]), social gospellers argued that the churches should worry less about saving souls for the hereafter and worry more about creating the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth in the here and now.
And as the earnestness of the original social gospellers is beyond doubt, so is the perfervid self-righteousness of their secular successors.
"I see continuing links between social gospellers such as Tommy Douglas and Stanley Knowles and contemporary people such as Bill Blaikie and Lorne Calvert, and Catholics such as Joe Comartin and Charlie Angus," Gruending says.
(31) The national leadership of the Protestant churches and some reform-minded Catholics were concerned about the social and economic problems plaguing industrial capitalist society and understood that redressing these problems required not only a vocal response at the national level but also concerted effort at the local level.(32) Denominational colleges began to provide courses on economics, sociology, and modern industrial problems, with reading lists that included the works of Henry George, prominent social gospellers, and British and American social scientists (33).
African American ministers who found troubling the lack of attention to racism by white social gospellers rethought social Christianity in light of African Americans' experience.
"Take away the spiritual," wrote Forsey, "and Labour's whole struggle becomes meaningless." That was a perspective he shared with social gospellers like J.
The 19th-century liberals and Social Gospellers too easily reconciled their horizons with those of the New Testament.
(10) MacDonald's thesis mentions that in Winnipeg Woodsworth originated the People's Forum where it became a platform for those like-minded social gospellers who could voice their opinions and remedies to the social problems facing Winnipeg.
Where Maud Charlesworth-Booth through the use of Chautaqua-style lectures presented the "Sister of the Slums" as a Christian model of the "the new woman" of the 1890s, a decade later the visionary Booth-Tucker's, motivated by the discussion on pauperism between social gospellers and urban reformers, established farm colonies for the urban poor.
While we can only guess about what materials were used as texts at that point in time, books by social gospellers such as John Macdougall (Rural Life in Canada, 1913) and J.S.
Nor do the Gutkins respond to the argument advanced by some that social gospellers like Ivens and Woodsworth were simply secular social reformers having drifted far from their erstwhile religious and theological moorings.