social studies of science

social studies of science

the interdisciplinary study of the social context in the production of SCIENCE. As such the approach overlaps with both the SOCIOLOGY OF SCIENCE and the SOCIOLOGY OF KNOWLEDGE, as well as the history and the PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, although those most associated with the approach have increasingly sought to distance themselves from the latter, above all wishing to instate the primacy of an ‘empirical’ approach in social studies of science. Adopting the doctrine of the so-called 'strong version of the sociology of science’ (i.e. that 'science’ has to be explained by the same route as other forms of knowledge or belief, and can have no privileged status as ‘truth’ or be exempt from social explanation), has sometimes led those associated with the approach to be accused of relativism’. However, their intention is simply to place a study of science on the same basis as any other social phenomenon. Advocates of the approach are no more concerned to establish philosophical RELATIVISM than they have been to preserve traditional EPISTEMOLOGY.
References in periodicals archive ?
Helga NOWOTNY, Professor emeritus of Social Studies of Science, ETH Zurich, Former President of the ERC Scientific Council
Sherry Turkle, a professor of the social studies of science and technology at MIT who investigated the psychology of people interacting with computers in The Second Self, levels the most substantive criticism of Jibo.
It's where we learn to listen, to experience "the joy" of being heard and to understand and develop the capacity for empathy, writes Sherry Turkle, professor of the social studies of science and technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Since the 1980s, social studies of science have greatly contributed to the understanding of many social dimensions of scientific research; yet historians of archaeology have traditionally been reluctant to evaluate the different social facets involved in the production of archaeological knowledge.
Algumas destas discussoes sao colhidas por revistas anglo-saxonias de longa data, como Science, Technology and Human Values, Science as Culture ou Social Studies of Science. Apesar da producao sobre este campo na America Latina ser crescente, ainda sao poucas as publicacoes seriadas que se concentram em servir de plataforma para a circulacao das mesmas.
An understanding of the key concepts of bios, biopolitics, immunity and community is essential to animal studies, bioethics, posthumanism and social studies of science. Versions of these concepts have figured in Jacques Derrida, Matthew Calarco, Donna Haraway, Cary Wolfe and other thinkers who explore the borders of the human and animal and whose concerns include the processes through which the very idea of the human has been generated--processes that are essentially modes of exclusion.
Sherry Turkle, a professor of social studies of science and technology at MIT, has come to similar conclusions.
The Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) has been working for over three decades now.
The agency's current President is Austrian Helga Nowotny, professor emeritus of social studies of science at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich.
Helga Nowotny is President of the European Research Council and Professor Emerita of Social Studies of Science, ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology).
The most prominent approaches in this stream of research have become the Edinburgh "strong program" in social studies of science (Barnes, 1974; Bloor, 1976) and the French actor-network theory (Callon, 1986; Latour, 1987).
The candidates usually mentioned are the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK), social studies of science, or social epistemology.