soft systems methodology


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soft systems methodology

formulated by Peter Checkland in the 1970s as a method of coming to terms with 'soft’ or ill-defined organizational problem contexts. The approach differs from traditonal management-oriented methods by virtue of its emphasis on learning, appreciative understanding and the recognition of different and competing ‘world views’. Originally the method was promoted as a 7-stage iterative model that could be used to explore problem contexts encouraging iteration of polemical debate until a universal world view or ‘accommodation of interests’ could be achieved. SYSTEMS THEORY was used extensively in the original formulation; concentrating on emergent properties and holism rather than the reductionist techniques found in other approaches. In 1992 the methodology was reformulated in the face of its critics (Flood, Jackson & Keys 1990 et al) in order to focus more on learning and process, rather than formal systems theory
References in periodicals archive ?
Towards an appropriate social theory for applied systems thinking: critical theory and soft systems methodology.
The most well-known PSMs include: Strategic Options Development and Analysis (SODA); Soft Systems Methodology (SSM); Strategic Choice Approach (SCA); Robustness Analysis; Drama Theory (Rosenhead and Mingers 2001).
1990), Soft Systems Methodology in Action, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
Soft Systems Methodology is the approach to tackling problem situations which is based upon and embodies that new thinking.
A abordagem da Soft Systems Methodology reconhece que as acoes humanas ocorrem circunscritas em contexto organizacional.
Learning for Action, A Short Definitive Account of Soft Systems Methodology and Its Use For Practitioners, Teacher and Students.
The two-process soft systems methodology and research of industrial structure of Guangdong.
We believe that such a soft systems methodology also needs a realism of large-scale uniform systems different from Universalism as its metaphysical support, rather than we had thought of the world.
It can be said that applied systems thinking began about the time of the Second World War for coping with the complexity of military systems, and then gained rapid development both theoretically and practically with a batch of systems methodologies or methods with various specialities and strengths emerged such as operational research, systems engineering, systems analysis, system dynamics, organizational cybernetics, interactive management and planning, social systems design, soft systems methodology, soft operational research, critical systems heuristics etc.
In the 30-year programme of action research in which Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) was developed, with its more than three hundred projects in real situations, learning always came from the interaction between the ideas and the real-world experience.
On the challenge from the philosophy of scientific practice and new empiricism to the view of big unified systems: Checkland's soft systems methodology.
The research question of this study was 'how to apply the Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) in innovation context'.