Field experiments with common bean crops grown under no-till farming were conducted at three sites with the following soil texture
classes: sandy loam (coarse-textured soil), sandy clay loam (medium-textured soil), and clay (fine-textured soil) (Table 1), which were classified as Typic Hapludox, Rhodic Hapludox, and Typic Rhodudalf (Soil Survey Staff 2014) respectively.
"I have seen that any vegetation that sprouts naturally has very high chances of surviving the prevailing climatic conditions however tough they may be," said the farmer, noting the system is known as Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR).Muange points out that leaves from the trees and shrubs have greatly improved the fertility and soil texture
on his farm, while at the same time providing cover that helps in reducing evaporation whenever it rains.
These include pH, soil texture
, organic matter and CEC (Cation exchange capacity), as well as elevation and plant available water.
The soil texture
has weekend and infertility has increased.
Agricultural Micronutrients- Restraints Factors affecting the availability of micronutrients in soil include soil texture
, pH effect, climatic variability and organic matter.
Their relative content is given in the soil texture
formula before fine-earths (O <1 mm) by the lower index: 1--very slightly (2-10% of volume), 2--slightly (10-20%), 3--moderately (20-30%) and 4--strongly (30-50%) ryhky (r) or pebbly (v, [v.sup.o]).
has been grouped into five types on the basis of analysis of collected samples from 15 sampling sites.
The static variables included elevation, slope, aspect, soil salinity, soil texture
, distance from rivers, and distance from roads.
The fourteen soil were different in soil properties as pH, Organic matter content, Fe, Al and soil texture
. The soil were grouped in to two on the basis of pH (acidic and alkaline).
Based on the average values of the soil texture
, it is verified that the soil is classified as sandy.
The study hypothesized that Imbrasia belina distribution was significantly influenced by the soil and foliar factors, and specifically, whether soil texture
(i.e., % sand, % silt, and % clay) and foliar analysis (i.e., available nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in parts per million (ppm) in the soil), tannins (% catechin (CE)), soil pH, total amount of N and P in the droppings of Imbrasia belina and how these parameters influence Imbrasia belina distribution.
Among these parameters' selection other than agronomic factors the soil texture
, dripper discharge, and the number of drippers per plant are important and critical to achieve optimum irrigation efficiency (Arbat et al., 2013).