Solanaceae

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Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
This pathogen is cited on USDA Agricultural Bioterrorism Act of 2002 Select Agents and Toxins List, as a serious pathogen of potatoes, tomatoes, and other solanaceous plants.
For at least 73 years, scientists have been searching for the scent that attracts the yellow-and-black bugs to solanaceous plants.
The second plot is home to all root crops and solanaceous plants - peppers, tomatoes, aubergine, celery, potatoes, parsnips and salsify.
All three contain natural compounds called solanaceous glycoalkaloids (SGAs) that will make it hard for your body to recover from having the anaesthetic.
Compounds known as solanaceous glysoalkaloids (SGAs) have been shown to slow down the metabolism of commonly used surgical anesthetics.
Although legumes (including alfalfa) and solanaceous plants (including potatoes and tomatoes) have similar wound-regulated defense systems, their inhibitors are distinct.
Bactericera cockerelli Sulc (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Triozidae) is a major pest that affects solanaceous crops in North and Central America, and recently, it was introduced into New Zealand (Munyaneza et al.
Initial examination of these fossils based on evident morphological characters a priori (due to missing or conflicting characters), precluded definite affinities with Solanales for one subset (Cantisolanum and certain Solanites species--as discussed below in section "Discussion"), suggested the possibility of Solanaceous affinities pending further analysis for another (those associated with Solanites brongniartii--Sections Cladistic Analysis and Methods for S.
Effect of Environmental Conditions on Wilting and Root Rot Fungi Pathogenic to Solanaceous Plants.
Curtis Wright, MD, MPH, Medical Director of Rock Creek Pharmaceuticals, commented, "The concept for this clinical trial originated after receiving reports from individuals that the addition of anatabine, a Solanaceous alkaloid, to their diet improved their thyroid inflammatory disease.
It also enjoys munching on other solanaceous crops--like tomatoes--unless checked by insecticide applications and cultural practices.