Solanaceae

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Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Choose a well drained area not recently cropped with a Solanaceous crop.
However, for the rest of Europe it was initially grown as an ornamental or curiosity plant and perceived by many to be poisonous, like other solanaceous plants: for instance, mandrake (Mandragora) and the deadly nightshade (Atropus belladonna), administered both as a hallucinogenic drug and a beautifier in various regions of Europe.
the Sugarcane mosaic virus (22), the cluster of AgMV and HoMV of genus Rymovirus, the cluster of viruses OYDV and SYSV, and the cluster of potyviruses infecting solanaceous plants: PTV, PVV, WPMV, PVY, PepMoV and PVA.
8) Solanaceous glycoalkaloids (SGAs) are naturally occurring steroids found in potatoes, tomatoes and eggplants and are able to inhibit acetylcholine (AchE) as well as butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE).
If you are a smoker, you may be transmitting TMV to solanaceous plants, including tomato, potato, eggplant, and peppers.
James Cook along with articles on such topics as the structure and function of resistance proteins on solanaceous plants, a case study in virion and genome plasticity, mechanisms of disease resistance and susceptibility associated with cell walls, genome insights into the contribution of phytopathogenic bacterial plasmids to the evolutionary history of their hosts, the safety to cirus-resistance transgenic plants two decades after their introduction, virus-induced disease that alters host physiology, microarrays for quick identification of plant viruses, management of seed-borne bacterial diseases and challenges in tropical plant nematology.
Molecular resolution of a complex of potyviruses infecting solanaceous crops at the centre of origin in Peru.
2002; Ryu, 2004), was reported to induce resistance to a fungal and a viral pathogen in solanaceous plants when exogenously applied (Spivak et al.
SOLANACEOUS, ROOT AND TUBEROUS: Tomatoes, potatoes, celery and sweet pepper.
This pathogen is cited on USDA Agricultural Bioterrorism Act of 2002 Select Agents and Toxins List, as a serious pathogen of potatoes, tomatoes, and other solanaceous plants.
005% solasodine glycosides that are found in solanaceous plants such as eggplant.