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1. the sovereign of a Muslim country, esp of the former Ottoman Empire
2. an arbitrary ruler; despot
3. a small domestic fowl with a white crest and heavily feathered legs and feet: originated in Turkey
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the title of a sovereign in Muslim countries. The title of sultan was used in Turkey until 1922, and in Morocco until 1957. Sultans ruled Egypt from the 13th to 16th centuries and from 1914 to 1922. The title is now held by major feudal lords in the Muslim countries of western Africa, by the rulers of Masqat and Oman, and by some tribal chiefs in southern Arabia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
the Soldan's stores that have self-serve dog washes certainly have seen growth in customer counts."
(2) Paz Soldan conserva esas marcas de las ciudades latinoamericanas imaginarias aparecidas durante el Boom y les anade la desigualdad tecnologica, lo que hace hincapie en la condicion periferica latinoamericana y su modernidad irregular.
Bostelmann, "Adolph John Soldan, 1877-1971," Concordia Historical Institute Quarterly, Winter 1985,169-70; Soldan is visible in footage of Monroe's funeral on YouTube.
His masculinity is a performance, one that is undermined further when he spares the Soldan.
Soldan for his substantial contribution to the understanding of the Ephemeroptera of Palaearctic and Oriental realms.
En contraste en el hemiptero acuatico Aphelocheirus aestivalis (Fabricius, 1794) (Aphelocheiridae) la vitelogenesis es muy prolongada ya que dura entre dos y cuatro semanas (Papacek y Soldan 2008).