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a. the nonstandard use of a grammatical construction
b. any mistake, incongruity, or absurdity



in poetics, an incorrect turn of speech used as a stylistic element; a figure of speech generally used to create a “low” style. As with other figures of speech, there are different types of solecisms. These are solecism formed by addition (pleonasm), by omission (ellipsis), and by substitution. The last type is divided into morphological solecism, or enallage, as in “of taking a walk there can be no question” or “citizen, don’t let’s,” and syntactical solecism, or anacoluthon, as in “I order that a warning be given that he should calm his madness, and that there is a limit to everything.”

In linguistics, solecism is an incorrect choice of a grammatical form for a syntactic structure. An example is the incorrect colloquial Russian use of skol’ko vremia (“what time is it?”) instead of the correct skol’ko vremeni. Here the nominative form of vremia (“time”) is incorrectly used after skol’ko (“how much”) instead of the grammatically correct genitive (vremeni). Another example is the French Quoiqu’il est tard (incorrect use of indicative for subjunctive) instead of the correct Quoiqu’il soit tard.

Solecisms may result from the influence of dialectical speech. They may also be caused by violation of the rules for agreement of parts of a sentence. An example of this is “Anyone who needs care in a sanatorium, it is necessary to provide it” instead of “. . . will be provided with it.” Solecisms may also result from violation of the rules for agreement of main and subordinate clauses, as in “I am ashamed, as an honorable officer” (A. S. Griboedov).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The volume abounds with dangling participles, solecisms, weird locutions, and other lapses from correct and idiomatic Anglophone usage.
Not only has a decade of further reflection allowed him to refine his argumentation, but his editors have served him well by removing most of the awkwardness and solecisms in English style that made Prestige and Interest difficult to read.
Calls are being made for increased `human intelligence' in the place of such solecisms as `digital intelligence' and `military intelligence'.
Jena Osman, author The Character (Beacon, 1999) and Amblyopia (Avenue B, 1993), co-editor of Chain, and an Assistant Professor at Temple University, read a series of investigations into censorship and language, work patterned around recurrent puns, solecisms, and homophones.
Kathleen Much, who does her editing in the shadow of fair Stanford and possesses laser vision when the subject is solecisms, filed twin indictments on June 15: "What a difference an 'r' makes
The polemical overkill also leads to some peculiar solecisms.
Thus, one-month or two-week anniversaries are solecisms.
This is dubious linguistics, and those who prize literacy have ample reason to be aggrieved by his solecisms.
In particular, a great part is played by apostrophes of omission - very commonly indicating missing aspirates but also other letters - and conventional grammatical solecisms.
Young (with an effective evocation of English provincial music-making, based on the journal of John Marsh) committing such stylistic solecisms as starting sentences identically within a short space (see pp.
198) through banal summaries to persistent solecisms, even if charity allows some of these last as misprints.
Of the other matter surveyed in the introduction, the treatment of Ibn Ezra's own Hebrew tends to consider as solecisms of the author features that are common enough in rabbinic Hebrew.