(redirected from solitaires)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.




any card game that can be played by one person. Solitaire is the American name; in England it is known as patience. There are probably more kinds of solitaire than all other card games together. The aim in most is to segregate the four suits, each in sequence, against the luck of the shuffle. The game is usually played with one or two decks. Cards are laid out on the table in an arrangement called the tableau. All the cards of a certain rank form the foundations on which the suits are built. Play proceeds either until the game is won (called "making" or "breaking" the game) or until further play is impossible. Although the names of games vary greatly, the most popular solitaires include Klondike (probably the best known), Canfield (named for Richard A. CanfieldCanfield, Richard Albert,
1855–1914, American gambler, b. New Bedford, Mass. A well-known gambling operator in Providence, R.I., Canfield went in the 1880s to New York, where his gambling establishment became famous. It was closed in 1904 largely through the efforts of W.
..... Click the link for more information.
), accordion, spider, golf, and clock. In double solitaire, for two persons, each plays his own game of either Klondike or Canfield, but each can build on his opponent's (as well as his own) aces. The object is to play the greater number of cards to the center.


See A. H. Morehead and G. Mott-Smith, Complete Book of Solitaire and Patience Games (1949, repr. 1973); G. F. Hervey, Card Games for One (1965); D. Berveiler, Strategic Solitaire (1987).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


1. a game played by one person, esp one involving moving and taking pegs in a pegboard or marbles on an indented circular board with the object of being left with only one
2. the US name for patience (the card game)
3. any of several extinct birds of the genus Pezophaps, related to the dodo
4. any of several dull grey North American songbirds of the genus Myadestes: subfamily Turdinae (thrushes)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Forevermark is proud to showcase its unique collection of diamond solitaires at Apranje Jewellers, one of the brand's most valued partners.
Solitaire rings have one single diamond and are a very popular choice for engagement rings; they are considered to be an iconic symbol of commitment, with the striking simplicity of their beauty creating a timeless appeal.
The solitaire joins a gallery of more than 200 lots of stunning jewellery in the fine art auction, including a 3-carat solitaire and numerous other gemstone rings.
'The b+ Solitaire conforms to the needs of clients.
The Solitaire, with its minimalist construction, works well in a variety of spaces.
Three Solitaires Jazz Band performing at One Stop in Rhiwbina, Cardiff|
The largest display of solitaires are on display during this exhibition.
GARDNER - The name has a local ring, but a Townsend's solitaire seen in the city last week may have to buy a ticket for a cross-country flight if it wants to get all the way home.
According to Mordy Rapapport, managing director of Rapapport Group, to promote trading and investments in diamonds there is a need to get in a few varieties of solitaires with international pricing.
Summary: Dhamani and International Diamond Laboratories, a subsidiary of the Dubai Multi Commodities Centre, have added an element of sparkle to the Dubai Shopping Festival with the launch of the largest collection of certified individual solitaire diamonds in Dubai.
"As a preferred jewellery retailer for diamonds, we have developed a new jewellery collection focusing on solitaires, besides showcasing a wide collection of loose solitaires of varying size, colour and quality."
'The jewellery sector in Dubai has always been supportive of Dubai Shopping Festival and initiatives like the solitaire collection give more options to shoppers,' said Laila Suhail, chief executive officer of Dubai Shopping Festival Office.