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any one plant of the genus Polygonatum of the family Liliaceae. Solomon’s seals are perennial herbs with ovate or elliptical leaves and thick horizontal rootstocks. The latter are marked with rounded seal-like scars where the old stems have disappeared. Each leaf axil has one to four bisexual flowers. The tubular perianth is greenish white or sometimes pink. The fruit is a berry. There are more than 30 species (according to other data, as many as 50), distributed primarily in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Seventeen species are found in the USSR, among forests (predominantly mixed and deciduous forests), thickets, and meadows. The best-known species are sweet-scented Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum odoratum; formerly P. officinale), with one or two flowers in each axil, and common Solomon’s seal (P. multiflorum), with two to five flowers in each axil. Some species of Solomon’s seal are cultivated as ornamentals.