Solubilization

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Solubilization

 

a colloidal dissolution involving the spontaneous and reversible penetration of a low-molecular-weight substance (solubilizate), which is slightly soluble in a particular liquid medium, into micelles of a surfactant or globules of a high-molecular-weight compound present in the medium. Solubilization is a typical property of such association colloids as aqueous solutions of soaps and synthetic detergents at concentrations greater than the critical micelle concentration and solutions of proteins and certain synthetic polymers. Solubilization of oils, fats, and hydrophobic organic liquids occurs in systems with aqueous media; solubilization of water and, less often, other polar substances occurs in systems with hydrocarbon media.

Solubilization plays an important role in such technological processes as micellar catalysis, the production of synthetic rubber by means of emulsion (latex) polymerization, textile cleaning, and the manufacture of lubricants, pesticides, and certain pharmaceuticals and foodstuffs. Solubilization is also important in biological processes; during digestion, for example, fats are solubilized by substances in the bile.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mechanisms of action of the bacterial isolates RAB9 and E2 for growth promotion of the micropropagated plantlets of the banana cultivar Prata Catarina Biochemical tests Bacterial isolates E2 RAB9 Production of IAA - - Solubilisation of phosphates - Production of siderophores + + Production of ammonia - Production of cellulases - + Production of chitinases - Production of proteases + + Production of amylases + + Production of pectinases + + Production of lipases + + Positive results of the tests (+), negative results of the tests (-)
The anti inflammatory activity and pharmacokinetic study showed improved activity as compared to marketed product due to solubilisation of drug by the self emulsification process.
They promote plant growth and suppress disease by their various activities, like phosphate and sulphate solubilisation, plant growth promotion, siderophore production, nitrogen fixation, denitrification, immune modulation, signal transduction, and pathogen control [11].
Shi, "Bioconversion of wheat stalk to hydrogen by dark fermentation: effect of different mixed microflora on hydrogen yield and cellulose solubilisation," Bioresource Technology, vol.
The PGPRs' effect on plant growth are not fully comprehended, but are considered to include asymbiotic N2 fixation and also solubilisation of mineral phosphates, and improving other plant nutrient element uptake (Cattelan et al., 1999).
Immunoglobulins generate a solubilisation of the immune complexes.
After attachment to bone, the ruffled border secretes enzymes and protons, TRAP and cathepsin K, enabling the solubilisation and digestion of the bone matrix.
The amphiphilic micelles helps in delivery of variety of chemotherapeutic agents due to their inherent property of solubilisation of hydrophobic moiety within the core of micelles facilitating hydrophilic molecules to get adsorbed on the micelle surface [8].
The mitochondrial pellets were suspended to a concentration of 5.0 mg/mL in a mitochondrial buffer containing 1.0% w/v lauryl maltoside [27]; lauryl maltoside is used to promote mitochondrial membrane solubilisation. This solution was incubated on ice for 30 min.
However, some more sophisticated models have meanwhile been developed, such as triple-cell culture models encompassing also macrophage-like cells [67], which have been coupled to preceding simulated in vitro digestion, and also models that allow studying the interaction with bacteria and gut cells, such as the microfluidic HUMIX model [129], which however requires complete solubilisation of compounds and works only with small volumes (<100 [micro]L).
This combination facilitates the marinade's even distribution, disrupting muscle structure, promoting the extraction and solubilisation of myofibrillar protein complex, and consequently changing the protein properties and increasing the WBC of meat products (Cassidy et al., 1978; Krause et al., 1978; Motycka and Bechtel, 1983; Plimpton et al., 1991; Alvarado and McKee, 2007).
This includes enzymes to accelerate the extraction process, increase yields, reduce viscosity, improve the solubilisation of debris, aid clarification, enhance flavour and more.