Solubilization

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Solubilization

 

a colloidal dissolution involving the spontaneous and reversible penetration of a low-molecular-weight substance (solubilizate), which is slightly soluble in a particular liquid medium, into micelles of a surfactant or globules of a high-molecular-weight compound present in the medium. Solubilization is a typical property of such association colloids as aqueous solutions of soaps and synthetic detergents at concentrations greater than the critical micelle concentration and solutions of proteins and certain synthetic polymers. Solubilization of oils, fats, and hydrophobic organic liquids occurs in systems with aqueous media; solubilization of water and, less often, other polar substances occurs in systems with hydrocarbon media.

Solubilization plays an important role in such technological processes as micellar catalysis, the production of synthetic rubber by means of emulsion (latex) polymerization, textile cleaning, and the manufacture of lubricants, pesticides, and certain pharmaceuticals and foodstuffs. Solubilization is also important in biological processes; during digestion, for example, fats are solubilized by substances in the bile.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Majority of the tested isolates were adept to solubilize phosphate (table 2) which is in line with our previous research (Yasmin et al.
The isolates solubilize CHP better than TCP on NBRIP medium and no strain could solubilize ARP on solid media.
The HTS approach shortens the time necessary to identify which excipients can adequately solubilize a compound, as well as which excipients a compound can remain stable in.
Among the studied strains, it is possible to highlight UNIFENAS 100-94, which presented a high capacity to solubilize K of phonolite rock powder when grown in both studied carbon sources, indicating greater metabolic versatility, having a good potential to solubilize K in the soil.
Thus, in present study PL 11, PL 13 and PL 16 were found to be more efficient bacterial isolates to solubilize TCP.
Several rhizobacteria can solubilize inorganic phosphate from soil and such bacteria improve solubilization of unavailable soil phosphate resulting in a high efficiency of phosphorus use.
However, our results showed that the strain USDA110 was able to solubilize a great quantity of P using the two sources of phosphates.
PSB solubilize insoluble P by several mechanisms such as acidification, chelation, and exchange reactions [19].
The isolated phosphate solubilizing fungus was further screened for their ability to solubilize phosphate and insoluble phosphate was measured quantitatively in liquid medium.
Moreover, the Phosphorus Solubilizing Bacteria solubilize the fixed soil Phosphorus and applied phosphates resulting in higher crop yields (Gull et al., 2004).
Due to more stringent process conditions, even traditional OA flux residues have become challenging to remove, as water has a high dielectric constant and cannot easily solubilize non-ionic contamination.