southern hemisphere


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southern hemisphere

1. that half of the earth lying south of the equator
2. Astronomy that half of the celestial sphere lying south of the celestial equator

Southern Hemisphere

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth located below the equator. Because most tables of houses are developed for the Northern Hemisphere, casting horoscopes for the Southern Hemisphere involves an extra set of calculations. To construct a southern chart with a northern table, an extra 12 hours must be added to the sidereal time for which it is being cast (for the moment of birth in the case of a natal chart), calculate the house cusps, and then the signs on the cusps exchanged for their opposite signs (i.e., for the sign 180° away). Computer chart-casting programs do these extra calculations automatically.

The reversal of seasons that occurs in the Southern Hemisphere has raised certain questions about how the standard tropical zodiac should be applied below the equator. In particular, there is much seasonal symbolism associated with the signs: Ever-youthful, pioneering Aries is the sign of spring; cold, restrictive Capricorn is the sign of winter; and so forth. In southern latitudes, these associations become meaningless. Some astrologers have proposed shifting the zodiac 180° in the Southern Hemisphere. Thus, someone born on November 2 in Buenos Aires, for example, would be a Taurus rather than a Scorpio; someone born on September 2 in Capetown, South Africa, would be a Pisces rather than a Virgo; and so forth. Despite the apparent logic of this argument, few southern astrologers have found a 180° shift in the zodiac useful in the practice of their craft. It thus does not appear that this proposal will be adopted in the foreseeable future.

Sources:

Brau, Jean-Louis, Helen Weaver, and Allan Edmands. Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: New American Library, 1980.
DeVore, Nicholas. Encyclopedia of Astrology. New York: Philosophical Library, 1947.
References in periodicals archive ?
"There's no doubt if you look at the results over the years the strength has been in the southern hemisphere, but you have to look at the preparation the southern hemisphere teams have," he said.
The Northern and Southern hemispheres are separated by the equator.
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"However, countries in the southern hemisphere are approaching their influenza season, which could mean swine flu circulation increases in those countries.
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As a consequence, the study finds, the Southern Hemisphere climate change also may reverse.
The player suggests European teams should make southern hemisphere tours only in three out of every four years, staying at home during or after World Cup seasons.
Atmospheric pollution is changing the Southern Hemisphere's oceanic circulation, which in turn is causing weather systems across Australia and in other mid-latitude regions to migrate southward, according to a paper recently published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.
IRELAND coach Eddie O'Sullivan believes the timing of the World Cup gives the southern hemisphere nations an advantage.
Among the incredible discoveries is that Saturn's atmosphere is brilliant blue in the northern hemisphere and yellow in the southern hemisphere; Titan, Saturn's largest moon, has mountains of frozen water carved by rivers of natural gas; and Enceladus, another moon, has subsurface lakes of heated water that could potentially support life.
In the Red Planet's southern hemisphere, orbital images show an average of about 0.6 dust devil track per square kilometer, but pictures of the northern hemisphere show only one-tenth as many, Whelley and his colleague Ronald Greeley reported at the San Francisco meeting.
"They leave the Southern Hemisphere in the fall, stay in our hemisphere in the spring, and leave in the fall.

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