Oliveria says, "Red-cockaded woodpeckers and southern pine
beetles go together in a pine forest, but if you put them in direct conflict, the beetles will win every time."
Two commercial WPC deck lumber boards (one from manufacturer "A" (WPC1) and the other from manufacturer "B" (WPC2)), southern pine
, and white oak were obtained from two building supply centers in Morgantown, West Virginia, and Uniontown, Pennsylvania, respectively.
All the Southern pines
have moderately large shrinkage but are stable when properly seasoned." The timber can have moderate resistance to cutting edges with machine and hand tools.
For example, three calculated load levels for southern pine
edgewise PSL were: 20.1 MPa, 32.1 MPa, 44.1 MPa, respectively; and for yellow-poplar edgewise PSL were: 21.8 MPa, 35.0 MPa, 48.1 MPa, respectively.
"We have also worked with white pine, but we found the market was not stable, the supply was not local, and the panels were easily damaged," Lunsford said, adding, "Southern pine
is more rugged and produces a beautiful panel."
An extensive literature review did not produce any previous literature on the variation of SG and growth rate of commercially produced finger-jointed southern pine
The following companies are successfully integrating southern pine
into their pallet manufacturing operations.
Peter Kock is author of the two-volume book on southern pine
called "Utilization of Southern Pines
," (Agriculture Handbook #420).
One-hundred southern pine
(Pinus spp.) and 30 Douglas-fir (Psuedotsuga menziesii) green veneer specimens were obtained from 2 veneer mills in Georgia and eastern Oregon.
The species studied were keruing (Dipterocarpus spp.), southern pine
(Pinus spp.), and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii).
The primary objective of this paper is to determine whether exchange rates have a measurable impact on southern pine
(a) Species CCA solution CCA retention concentration (%) (kg/[m.sup.3]) Jack pine 1 2.57 (1.22) Jack pine 3 6.47 (3.03) Black spruce 1 1.70 (0.47) Black spruce 3 5.43 (1.00) Southern pine
1 5.52 (0.69) Southern pine
3 13.94 (4.29) (a) Values in parentheses are standard deviations.