southern tick-associated rash illness


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Related to southern tick-associated rash illness: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease

southern tick-associated rash illness

(STARI) or

Masters disease,

illness characterized by a Lyme disease–like rash that is associated with bite from the Lone Star tick (Amblyomma americanum) rather than with one from ticks of the genus Ixodes. The disease is distinguished from Lyme diseaseLyme disease
or Lyme borreliosis,
a nonfatal bacterial infection that causes symptoms ranging from fever and headache to a painful swelling of the joints. The first American case of Lyme's characteristic rash was documented in 1970 and the disease was first identified
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 primarily by the fact that Borrelia burgdorferi, a spirochete bacterium that causes Lyme, is not associated with STARI; the causative agent of STARI is not known. The expanding bull's-eye rash usually appears within a week of a tick bite and may be accompanied by fever, headache, muscle and joint aches, and fatigue. The long-term affects of the illness are unclear, but in general the symptoms and aftereffects appear to be less severe than those of Lyme disease. Treatment is typically oral antibiotics, usually doxycyline or amoxicillin. The Lone Star tick aggressively feeds on humans, and despite the name of the disease, the tick is found in most of the NE, SE, and S central United States and in the Midwest S of the Great Lakes. The illness was first reported in the late 1980s in Missouri by Dr. Edwin Masters.
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been designated southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI) (Burkot et
Other Tick-Borne Diseases: Information about other tick transmitted illnesses like Southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI), Babesia infection, and ehrlichiosis can be found at CDC Health Topics A-Z.
americanum ticks are known vectors of numerous pathogens and conditions, including several not yet reportable--for example, a gal allergy, Southern tick-associated rash illness, and Heartland virus--and no prevalence studies have been conducted, so their impact is unknown.

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