soybean

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soybean,

 

soya bean,

or

soy pea,

leguminous plant (Glycine max, G. soja, or Soja max) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Asia, where it has been cultivated as a principal crop for at least 5,000 years. There are over 2,500 varieties in cultivation, producing beans of many sizes, shapes, and colors. As a crop, soybeans are high in yield and easy to harvest; they grow well wherever corn is cultivated.

In East Asia, soybeans are used in a multitude of forms, e.g., as soy sauce, soybean meal, vegetable oil, tofu (bean curd), miso (fermented soybean paste), and soy milk, and as a coffee substitute. In the United States, soybean products such as tofu, miso, and soy milk have become especially popular in lowfat and vegetarian diets (see vegetarianismvegetarianism,
theory and practice of eating only fruits and vegetables, thus excluding animal flesh, fish, or fowl and often butter, eggs, and milk. In a strict vegetarian, or vegan, diet (i.e.
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). The green crop is used for forage and hay, and the cake as stock feed and as fertilizer. Soybean oil is used commercially in the manufacture of glycerin, paints, soaps, rubber substitutes, plastics, printing ink, and other products.

Cultivation of the soybean, long confined chiefly to China, gradually spread to other countries. During World War II soybeans became important in both North America and Europe chiefly as substitutes for other protein foods and as a source of edible oil. In the United States they are now a leading crop, and Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay also are significant soybean-exporting nations. China and Japan are by far the largest importers of soybeans.

Soybeans are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

Bibliography

See M. M. Lager, The Useful Soybean (1945); J. P. Houck et al., Soybeans and Their Products (1972).

soybean

[′sȯi‚bēn]
(botany)
Glycine max. An erect annual legume native to China and Manchuria and widely cultivated for forage and for its seed.

soya bean

(US and Canadian), soybean
1. an Asian bean plant, Glycine max (or G. soja), cultivated for its nutritious seeds, for forage, and to improve the soil
2. the seed of this plant, used as food, forage, and as the source of an oil
References in periodicals archive ?
Egypt is an important market where demand for high-quality soybean meal and oil is outpacing the rest of the world.
For his part, John Grossmann, ADM's president of EMEA oilseeds crush, said that ADM is expanding its geographic footprint in regions of expanding growth, noting that Egypt is an important market where demand for high-quality soybean meal and oil is outpacing the rest of the world.
Experimental design and dietary treatments: The experimental design was a completely randomized design (CRD) and the dietary treatments were various levels of urea and whole soybean meal or calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] treated sugarcane bagasse.
In Korean rockfish, although supplementation of phytase in soybean meal diets at 1000 and 2000 FTU kg-1 levels did not increase growth performance, inferior results were observed when phytase was supplemented at 2000 FTU kg-1 level as compared to 1000 FTU kg-1 level (Yoo et al.
Research from the University of Illinois is helping swine producers know what they're getting when they buy soybean meal from different countries.
The objective of this study was to investigate the extrusion effects on the antioxidant properties of a peptide from soybean meal protein hydrolysates evaluated by electron spin resonance spectrometry.
2011--Table 1) in a total of four treatments: SM+SO--control diet with soybean meal and oil; MC+SO--control diet with 25% canola meal replacing soybean meal; MC+CO control diet with 25% of canola meal replacing soybean meal and canola oil completely replacing soybean oil; MC+SO--control diet with soybean meal and canola oil.
After 15 weeks, researchers found that the canola meal supplement resulted in more milk and more milk protein per day than soybean meal.
2003), who tested feed from corn (not sorghum) and soybean meal, concluding that the addition of up to 50% millet did not change the performance of broilers.
In addition to its position as a leading edible oil and soybean meal producer, Zamanita owned the only solvent extraction plant in Zambia.
The exports to Cuba are bulk commodities like soybeans, soybean meal and corn, things that would go into the hold of the ship that wouldn't be packaged or processed, Thornton said.