soybean

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soybean,

 

soya bean,

or

soy pea,

leguminous plant (Glycine max, G. soja, or Soja max) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Asia, where it has been cultivated as a principal crop for at least 5,000 years. There are over 2,500 varieties in cultivation, producing beans of many sizes, shapes, and colors. As a crop, soybeans are high in yield and easy to harvest; they grow well wherever corn is cultivated.

In East Asia, soybeans are used in a multitude of forms, e.g., as soy sauce, soybean meal, vegetable oil, tofu (bean curd), miso (fermented soybean paste), and soy milk, and as a coffee substitute. In the United States, soybean products such as tofu, miso, and soy milk have become especially popular in lowfat and vegetarian diets (see vegetarianismvegetarianism,
theory and practice of eating only fruits and vegetables, thus excluding animal flesh, fish, or fowl and often butter, eggs, and milk. In a strict vegetarian, or vegan, diet (i.e.
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). The green crop is used for forage and hay, and the cake as stock feed and as fertilizer. Soybean oil is used commercially in the manufacture of glycerin, paints, soaps, rubber substitutes, plastics, printing ink, and other products.

Cultivation of the soybean, long confined chiefly to China, gradually spread to other countries. During World War II soybeans became important in both North America and Europe chiefly as substitutes for other protein foods and as a source of edible oil. In the United States they are now a leading crop, and Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay also are significant soybean-exporting nations. China and Japan are by far the largest importers of soybeans.

Soybeans are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

Bibliography

See M. M. Lager, The Useful Soybean (1945); J. P. Houck et al., Soybeans and Their Products (1972).

soybean

[′sȯi‚bēn]
(botany)
Glycine max. An erect annual legume native to China and Manchuria and widely cultivated for forage and for its seed.

soya bean

(US and Canadian), soybean
1. an Asian bean plant, Glycine max (or G. soja), cultivated for its nutritious seeds, for forage, and to improve the soil
2. the seed of this plant, used as food, forage, and as the source of an oil
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Only maize and soybean meal were included in the formula as the main raw materials to ensure that the non-GMO diets were applied in this experiment.
Corn gluten meal, soybean meal and poultry by-product meal presented energy ADCs values higher than 0.800 which were significantly higher than the energy ADC obtained for a blood meal.
(1999) concluded that phytase addition at 1000 FTU kg-1 level in soybean meal based diet showed maximum ADC% of P in Clarias gariepinus.
Poultry production is heavily depended on plant-seeds based protein ingredients, particularly soybean meal due to its high nutrients availability and excellent amino acid profile (Willis, 2003).
"The demand for high-quality soybean meal and for oil from both the food manufacturing and animal feed sectors continues to rise and I'm confident customers will turn to SoyVen as the premier provider in Egypt."
For hog producers, the increase in soybean meal prices has had a bigger impact on feed costs than increases in corn prices.
The statement added that the plant will be able to produce higher-protein soybean meal while reducing the need for soybean meal imports into Egypt.
APSEA had demanded the imposition of a regulatory import duty of 35 per cent on imports of soybean meal from India.
Washington D.C ,July 25 ( ANI ):Soybean , which is a major source of protein has different varieties which vary from genetics, growing conditions and processing and all these factors can affect the nutritional value of soybean meal produced in different places.
Soybean meal, a key feed ingredient, was heavily imported, too, with 5.8 million tons.
Peptides from soybean meal were subjected to extrusion and the effects of extrusion conditions, such as moisture of the materials, barrel temperature, screw speed and nozzle diameter, on the antioxidant properties were studied.
It would produce soybean meal; refined, bleached and deodorized soybean oil; and biodiesel.