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commune (1991 pop. 10,140), Liège prov., E Belgium, in the Ardennes. Its therapeutic mineral springs and baths, frequented since the 16th cent., made it an internationally fashionable watering place. Its name became so well known that the word spa is used to designate any health resort. The town had its ultimate vogue in the 18th and 19th cent. At the Spa Conference (1920) the Allies accepted a German plan for the payment of war reparations.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in eastern Belgium, in Liège Province; situated in the Ardennes, on the Vaya’i River. Population, 12,000 (1966). Spa is a well-known balneological health resort.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Abbr. for “Southern Pine Association.”
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a mineral spring or a place or resort where such a spring is found


a town in E Belgium, in Liège province: a resort with medicinal mineral springs (discovered in the 14th century). Pop.: 10 491 (2004 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(1) (Software Publishers Association, Washington, DC) In 1999, SPA merged with the IIA (Information Industry Association) to become the Software & Information Industry Association. See SIIA.

(2) (Single Page Application) A Web app that loads into the browser as a single page of HTML/JavaScript code and never fully reloads. SPAs use the AJAX function in JavaScript, which allows data to be retrieved from the Web without refreshing the page.

The Multi-Page Application (MPA)
In contrast, an MPA loads new complete Web pages as required and is typically a very large site such as an e-commerce store.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
EDGBASTON PRIORY CLUB Sir Harrys Road, Edgbaston B15 2UZ The Edgbaston Priory Club has heated indoor and outdoor pools that are open all year round, plus a sauna, steam room and an outdoor spa pool.
PACE HEALTH AND FITNESS CLUB Park Inn by Radisson, Birmingham Road, West Bromwich B70 6RS There's a 10-metre heated indoor swimming pool with terrace plus a sauna, spa pool and steam room at this hotel health club.
``I could not give you a figure for the percentage of homes with spa pools in their back gardens, but it is significant,'' he says.
``I went to Canada to see how the industry grew over there and to look at the latest technology being applied to spa pools by manufacturers Beachcomber,'' continues Alan.
The complex is anchored at either end by the fitness and relaxing pools, with a large 138-jet spa pool in the center of the complex.
Several decades ago, before the discovery of chlorine-resistant organisms and prior to the popular use of spa pools and hot tubs, free chlorine residuals were generally kept below 1.0 mg/L in pool water.
Increased use of spa pools and hot tubs and the discovery of more resistant strains of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa have led to recommendations of higher levels of disinfectant (4.5).
Last year there were 27 cases of legionnaires' disease in England and three deaths where spa pools were identified as the source of the infection.
There's a mixed sauna and spa bath by the pool, but both changing rooms have their own steam rooms, saunas, spa pools and plunge pools as well.
Spa pools at sports centres in Solihull and Shrewsbury were found to have high levels of bacteria and low levels of disinfectant in a study published by consumer magazine Which?