This creates multidirectional shear flow in the spandrel beam coupled with normal stresses arising from bending.
This test setup produces torsion, bending, and shear in the spandrel beam, and bending and shear in the floor beam.
In this particular example, the cost is $250,000, which includes reinforcement of the steel spandrel beam
, masonry reconstruction and replacement of coping stones.
This includes reinforcement of the steel spandrel beam
, masonry reconstruction and the repair or replacement of coping stones.
To correct this, one course of brickwork was removed above every spandrel beam
and flashing was replaced, with weep holes, to ensure water in the wall system would be led away from the building.
Hence, the diagonal members must be in compression while the spandrel beams
are in tension.
Lyman Award), "Development of a Rational Design Methodology for Precast Concrete Slender Spandrel Beams
" (Charles C.
The Hall Partnership solution involved the creation of stainless steel armatures at each floor suspended by 2" diameter clevis / rod assemblies and expansion bolted back to the existing concrete spandrel beams
so that each floor supported its portion of the chimney face brick independently; similar to a cigarette girl's tray.
The Rookery features cast-iron columns, wrought-iron spandrel beams
, a striking oriel staircase and Italian marble floors and wainscoting.
Torsional Strengthening of Spandrel Beams
with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Laminates, Journal of Composites for Construction ASCE 8(2): 157-162.
A unique cable-suspended marquee, inspired by the Brooklyn Bridge -- an extension of the entry vestibule -- was fabricated from re-used spandrel beams
. The store facade has two steel suspension towers that are the two halves of a 32 steel girder cut lengthwise along its flange and welded to the exposed existing building structure.
In the 20 years since its construction, the multi-building complex had been experiencing an acute series of concrete problems along the seven miles of exposed concrete spandrel beams
and balcony fascias.