special-purpose computer

special-purpose computer

[′spesh·əl ¦pər·pəs kəm′pyüd·ər]
(computer science)
A digital or analog computer designed to be especially efficient in a certain class of applications.

special-purpose computer

A computer designed from scratch to perform a specific function. Contrast with general-purpose computer. See ASIC.
References in periodicals archive ?
The TOP500 list is the semiannual ranking of the world's most powerful supercomputers and bases its rankings on the highest score measured using the Linpack benchmark suite, a special-purpose computer code that scores application runs in quadrillions of floating-point operations per second, or petaflops.
A number of interesting related questions naturally arise, so to address some of these I wrote a special-purpose computer program that in about nine hours was able to exhaustively enumerate all the essentially distinct solutions (of which there are about half a million) that result when the 8938 five-letter words in the Scrabble [R] Tournament And Club Word List (6th edition) are used as the pool of valid words.
As the word "appliance" implies, a Filer is a special-purpose computer designed specifically to optimize file transfer and storage while offering plug-and-play ease of use.
Router - A special-purpose computer (or software package) that handles the connection between two or more networks.
Years ago, while he was working at the Stanford Research Institute, the ``cutting edge of technology'' at that time, he helped develop the ``very first special-purpose computer, the size of a wing of a hospital,'' for Bank of America.
A calculation that took 2 years on a powerful special-purpose computer has provided evidence that a hypothesized subnuclear particle called a glueball actually exists.
The storage in this case is not simply a block device, it is a special-purpose computer with an embedded file system.
Now at last the problem seems to have been solved, by Gerald Sussman and Jack Wisdom using a special-purpose computer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
A special-purpose computer, SANDAC was specifically designed to handle navigation and guidance problems as an embedded part of a warhead-carrying reentry vehicle (such as a missile), attack helicopter or other such weapon.
It's also relatively easy to build an efficient special-purpose computer, using easily obtainable electronic parts, to solve a specific problem.
built a special-purpose computer to try to solve a mathematical puzzle that he had found in the August SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.
At the centre, we have developed special-purpose computers, pointing devices, mounting systems, special screen readers communication programs, specialised learning materials and curriculum aids to help these children play music," said Isphana Al Khatib, director of the centre.

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