The TOP500 list is the semiannual ranking of the world's most powerful supercomputers and bases its rankings on the highest score measured using the Linpack benchmark suite, a special-purpose computer
code that scores application runs in quadrillions of floating-point operations per second, or petaflops.
A number of interesting related questions naturally arise, so to address some of these I wrote a special-purpose computer
program that in about nine hours was able to exhaustively enumerate all the essentially distinct solutions (of which there are about half a million) that result when the 8938 five-letter words in the Scrabble [R] Tournament And Club Word List (6th edition) are used as the pool of valid words.
As the word "appliance" implies, a Filer is a special-purpose computer
designed specifically to optimize file transfer and storage while offering plug-and-play ease of use.
In addition, several small special-purpose computer
rooms that were originally part of the building design have been converted to other functions due to the increasing power and popularity of desktop PCs.
Router - A special-purpose computer
(or software package) that handles the connection between two or more networks.
A calculation that took 2 years on a powerful special-purpose computer
has provided evidence that a hypothesized subnuclear particle called a glueball actually exists.
A number of special-purpose computer
centers were opened for the students to use for accessing specialized minicomputer systems.
The storage in this case is not simply a block device, it is a special-purpose computer
with an embedded file system.
Now at last the problem seems to have been solved, by Gerald Sussman and Jack Wisdom using a special-purpose computer
at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
A special-purpose computer
, SANDAC was specifically designed to handle navigation and guidance problems as an embedded part of a warhead-carrying reentry vehicle (such as a missile), attack helicopter or other such weapon.
It's also relatively easy to build an efficient special-purpose computer
, using easily obtainable electronic parts, to solve a specific problem.
Last fall, George Uhing, an amateur mathematician in Bronx, N.Y., built a special-purpose computer
to try to solve a mathematical puzzle that he had found in the August SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.