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Law a formal contract or obligation expressed in a deed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the aggregate of knowledge and skills acquired by special training and experience and necessary for performing certain tasks within a profession. Examples of specialties are seen in the skills of civil engineers, production engineers, mechanical engineers, toolmakers, patternmakers, repair mechanics, internists, ophthalmologists, and stomatologists. Worker specialization is an aspect of the division of labor by professions. If the functions within a certain specialty encompass the full range of a worker’s activities, the specialty will correspond to a profession. Examples here are provided by drivers, gas welders, librarians, proofreaders, and jurists.

Within the system of higher education and specialized secondary education in the USSR, courses and programs designed to train specialists are also called specialties. Specialties are used to prepare students for careers, and programs and courses are built around specialties. In 1975 there were over 350 specialties offered in the higher educational institutions in the USSR. The 22 groups into which the specialties are combined are as follows: geology and prospecting for mineral deposits; mining; power engineering; metallurgy; machine building and instrumentation; automation, electronics, and the making of electric appliances; radio engineering and communications; chemical technology; forestry and the processing of wood, pulp, and paper; food processing; production of consumer goods; construction; geodesy and cartography; hydrology and meteorology; agriculture and forest management; transportation; economics; law; public health and physical culture; specialties offered at universities; specialties offered at cultural higher educational institutions and pedagogical institutes; and art. Specialized secondary schools offer approximately 500 specialties, which are somewhat narrower in scope than those of higher educational institutions but for the most part are grouped in the same way. In the system of vocational-technical education in the USSR, the term “specialty” is replaced by the idea of vocational skill. As of 1975, there were more than 1,100 such skills, combined in nine professional branches: machine building, shipbuilding, instrumentation, and associated industries; geological prospecting and coal, mining, petroleum, gas, metallurgical, chemical, and other industries; power engineering, electrical engineering, and radio electronics; construction, the building-materials industry, lumber industry, woodworking, and the production of paper and paper products; transportation and communications; light industry and printing; food processing, including the processing of meat and dairy products, the food service industry, and commerce; service industries ; and agriculture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The main reason for choosing the specialty in both males and females were "Interest in content" in their fields, followed by "Good Salary" and "Direct Patient Interaction".
This report provides in depth study of "Specialty Beer Market" using SWOT analysis i.e.
[USPRwire, Tue Aug 20 2019] Market Research Hub (MRH) has actively uploaded a smart research report titled "Global Specialty Pumps Market Insights, Forecast to 2025", to its broad online database.
R-T Specialty LLC (RT Specialty), based in Chicago, has promoted Todd Mannschreck to president of Claims, chief claims officer.
15 May 2019 - Chicago, US-based insurance organisation Ryan Specialty Group, LLC has agreed to acquire the assets and operations of Virginia, US-based wholesale insurance brokerage Atlantic Specialty Lines, Inc., the company said.
[ClickPress, Wed May 08 2019] Growing need for packaging solutions across a range of industrial verticals has driven the demand for specialty films.
HDI Global Specialty SE was created by merging Hannover Re's and HDI Global SE's specialty lines.
The definition that Austin referred to from Irna Knutsen, was from the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA), and was based on its sensory scoring process now also used by Coffee Quality Institute (CQI), and Cup of Excellence (COE), but with different ideas about which score constitutes specialty; some say 80, some 84, some 85.
TMR says, "Specialty pharmaceuticals can be biotechnology products, orphan or ultra-orphan drugs, and medication included in the drug class strategy of specialty therapeutics and are typically biology-based that structurally mimic or are analogues of compounds found inside the human body."
Keywords: medical specialty choice, medical student career development, career specialty choice, person-oriented and technique-oriented medical specialties, medical career advising
"MedCart Specialty Pharmacy has built an exemplary operation which complements our patient-centered care strategy and pharmacy services growth plan," says Mark Panzer, senior vice president of pharmacy health and wellness for the Boise, Idaho-based retailer.

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