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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Camosse undertook his trek not as a fundraiser, or for any specific cause, but as a personal pilgrimage.
However, although De La Rue has still not disclosed the specific cause of the problem nor given any cost implications (and indeed has stated that it will be some considerable time until they do), what they and others have said does not point to holograms being the culprit, which is good news for the industry if not Mr.
The Florida Agriculture and Consumer Services, meanwhile, have not found any remarkable signs that could indicate a specific cause of death.
It is obviously consistent in genre and the ethnic relationship of its authors, but the thematic cohesion of the content, resulting from gathering minority voices disenfranchised by a specific cause, is unusual.
The baby was rushed to the intensive care unit but efforts to keep her alive failed and she died earlier Tuesday according to hospital deputy director Moshe Daniel, who told Israel's Army Radio the specific cause of death would only be known after a post-mortem examination.
It is even more difficult when no specific cause or reason is given.
In these studies, we were often treating a syndrome rather than a specific disease with a specific cause. These infectious or noninfectious entities had a variety of causes.
Without the incorporation of the specific cause within a force majeure clause, it is an open question as to whether a catch-all force majeure provision would cover a given situation.
Investigators and the medical examiner are working to determine the specific cause of the crash, Aguilar said.
The Beacon Fellowship Charitable Trust is urging the public to nominate individuals who have made a significant charitable contribution by giving time, money or skills to a specific cause. The closing date for nominations is November 8.
These results were insufficient to support a specific cause of illness.
Acute pain is pain related to a specific cause, like burning your hand or breaking a leg.

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