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a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
In these studies, we were often treating a syndrome rather than a specific disease with a specific cause.
Without the incorporation of the specific cause within a force majeure clause, it is an open question as to whether a catch-all force majeure provision would cover a given situation.
Investigators and the medical examiner are working to determine the specific cause of the crash, Aguilar said.
The Beacon Fellowship Charitable Trust is urging the public to nominate individuals who have made a significant charitable contribution by giving time, money or skills to a specific cause.
These results were insufficient to support a specific cause of illness.
Acute pain is pain related to a specific cause, like burning your hand or breaking a leg.
But the court noted that inmates were segregated based on particularized factors, including the kind of crime committed and personal conflicts, the jail was not understaffed at the time of the attack, serious inmate-on-inmate violence was not the norm, fights that did occur were not linked to any recurring specific cause, and jailers had a history of punishing inmate violence.
In addition, the specific cause of a fault in any supply is recorded in internal registers accessible via the SMBus interface, This feature provides the system designer with comprehensive diagnostics and power management capabilities supported by the Intelligent Peripheral Management Interface (IPMI) standard.
Do you think it's important to find the specific cause of homosexuality?
Company officials said a malfunction in a network control system in Tama, Tokyo, is to blame and its specific cause is under investigation.
Once upon a time, the concept of leaving money to charity meant just that - donating money to a nonprofit organization dedicated to a specific cause.
It often worsens with stress, but there is no specific cause or anything unusual that the doctor can see in the colon.

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