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English daily periodical published jointly by Joseph AddisonAddison, Joseph,
1672–1719, English essayist, poet, and statesman. He was educated at Charterhouse, where he was a classmate of Richard Steele, and at Oxford, where he became a distinguished classical scholar.
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 and Richard SteeleSteele, Sir Richard,
1672–1729, English essayist and playwright, b. Dublin. After studying at Charterhouse and Oxford, he entered the army in 1694 and rose to the rank of captain by 1700. His first book, a moral tract entitled The Christian Hero, appeared in 1701.
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 with occasional contributions from other writers. It succeeded the Tatler, a periodical begun by Steele on Apr. 12, 1709, under the pseudonym Isaac Bickerstaff. The Tatler appeared twice weekly until it ended Jan. 2, 1711. The Spectator began Mar. 1, 1711, appearing as a daily, and lasted until Dec. 6, 1712. Valuable as social history, the papers (dated from various London coffeehouses) provide an excellent commentary on the manners, morals, and literature of the day. The Spectator was supposedly written by members of a small club, representing figures of the British middle class: Sir Roger de Coverley (country gentry), Captain Sentry (military), Sir Andrew Freeport (commerce), Will Honeycomb (town), and Mr. Spectator himself. Addison joined Steele in writing the Tatler and continued his collaboration with him, writing about the same number of articles, in the Spectator. Both periodicals had a tremendous influence on public opinion and gave great impetus to the growth of journalism and periodical writing. The Spectator, which was succeeded by the Guardian, was revived for a time by Addison in 1714.


See edition of the Spectator by G. Smith (1945); studies by G. S. Streatfeild (1923) and R. P. Bond (1971).



a British weekly journal of conservative orientation. Published in London since 1828, Spectator deals with political, economic, and cultural issues. Circulation, more than 30,000 (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
But this a real community event and thousands more will take to the streets to spectate and cheer on all the runners.
We came up with the idea to try out a night in Huddersfield at The Parish a few weeks ago, after having to travel far and wide to perform and spectate.
A couple of fellows in grey suits with badges, who, I presume, were security, turned up to spectate, but no action was taken.
Weir said: "It's great for them to see how good these players are, but it's also important that they don't spectate in the game, that they play against them.
The families I know have to avoid taking their children even to spectate, to avoid them being upset and disappointed when refused expensive food and drink and other attractions.
The Fife circuit is bracing itself for what will undoubtedly be the venue's largest and most audible crowd of the season, with some 30,000 bike fans expected to spectate.
Celtic could merely spectate as the Champions League resumed this week.
We have taken an assessment of the risk and decided it's the best policy for current times, since our events take place in public swimming pools and anyone can spectate,'' he said.
He can't even spectate from the Perth stand because he can't bend his knee enough to fit in a seat.
Gearing the festival to-wards three key days in 2015 will make the Cyclone even more accessible to those wanting to ride it, as well as for those coming along to spectate and en-joy the full festival experience.
Marsh Tracks, on Marsh Road, Rhyl, is a traffic-free arena for cycle sport where children and adults can train, coach, compete and spectate in a safe environment.