This can only be done indirectly through simultaneous time domain photometry, spectroscopy, spectropolarimetry
, and interferometry.
Using the NSO's largest telescope, the McMath-Pierce Main (McMP), also at Kitt Peak, scientists will map the carbon dioxide atmosphere of Venus at infrared wavelengths using spectropolarimetry
6-meter Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope have monitored the eclipse using optical spectropolarimetry
Extragalactic cataclysmic variables, the transiting planets, and spectropolarimetry
of single and binary stars are some subjects examined.
The reduction in complexity at the cryogenic level in contrast with other ultra-sensitive cryogenic detectors is extremely attractive and enables a dramatic increase in mapping speed for broad band imaging as well as novel applications in spectropolarimetry
and hyperspectral imaging.