speech act


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

speech act

or

illocutionary act

any social act which is accomplished by virtue of an utterance (e.g. promising, cursing). Associated especially with the philosophers J. Austin and J. Searle, the analysis of such illocutionary acts (and perlocutionary acts - the effects of an illocutionary act), is a central part of the subject matter of ORDINARY LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY.

The analytical study of speech acts has affinities with a number of approaches in sociology, including the FORMAL SOCIOLOGY of SIMMEL, the work of GOFFMAN, and CONVERSATION ANALYSIS. The latter in particular is directly influenced by ordinary language philosophy (see also DEGRADATION CEREMONY). A further example of an approach influenced by the concept of speech act is the ‘ethogenic’ social psychology of Rom Harré (Social Being, 1979), which advances the idea of a possible ‘grammar’ of social encounters, one however, that would be far more complex than implied in philosophical conceptions of speech acts.

References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: The spagad project will investigate speech acts, The basic linguistic units with communicative function.
He points out that to involve is to perform a non-central speech act, whereas to say is to perform a central speech act.
(4.) A sequence of rhetorical steps taken by a speaker when performing a given speech act.
A fundamental requirement for the success of any speech act is interactional cooperation among participants in a linguistic event.
If, as we propose in Hypotheses 1a and 1b, Koreans and North Americans tend to use different speech acts in favor asking, their reasons for choosing the speech act should be examined.
But it is difficult to understand the performativity of Snowden's speech act, which is not easily, if at all, classifiable as a judgment, decision, commitment, acknowledgment, or clarification.
The purpose of this study was to describe the speech act imperative (command) contained in the Qur'an and determine the relationship of linguistic structure and context within the meaning of the imperative or factors affecting the pragmatic meaning that occurs in these verses.
Each stage has rules (protocols) governing the permissible or obligatory activation of a speech act put forward.
Are actors conscious of the type of rule they are creating when they enunciate a speech act? Does the motive matter?
The claim that this is possible has been put forward under the apt label of silencing in the context of Austinian speech act theory.
We want the government to ban Bodu Bala Sena, ban hate speeches by anyone and also to bring the Anti-Hate Speech Act and implement it.