speech defect


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speech defect,

any condition that interferes with the mental formation of words or their physical production. Speech defects in children generally become apparent in the early school years. Speech problems may arise from organic or functional abnormalities, but in practice the two are often hard to differentiate. Organic defects include deafness, cleft palatecleft palate,
incomplete fusion of bones of the palate. The cleft may be confined to the soft palate at the back of the mouth; it may include the hard palate, or roof of the mouth; or it may extend through the gum and lip, producing a gap in the teeth and a cleft lip, which is
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, dental abnormalities, and brain damage; most functional problems are basically psychological. Speech defects are generally categorized as disorders of sound production; disorders of voicing, e.g., loudness, pitch, and quality deviations; disorders of rhythm, such as stuttering and stammering; and disorders of language formulation and expression, including aphasiaaphasia
, language disturbance caused by a lesion of the brain, making an individual partially or totally impaired in his ability to speak, write, or comprehend the meaning of spoken or written words.
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, the inability to use words as symbols of ideas. Treatment of a speech defect may include correction of organic conditions, psychotherapy, and training in proper articulation; it is rarely limited to a single type of therapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
I'm reminded of the ngongo (a person with a speech defect because of a cleft lip and palate) husband who came home early and wanted to surprise his wife.
The barrister also said Imiela was heavily tattooed and had a speech defect.
No doubt those "friends" who do it would think twice about making fun of a disabled person, but somehow or other they've decided your speech defect is fair game.
Apparently it wasn't even Jake's jokes they objected to - he sends up his own speech defect - but sexual material by his colleague Dolly Fox, who doesn't stammer at all.
ASK me for my opinion of the ubiquitous Paul Ross, and I will instantly adopt his brother Jonathan's curious speech defect, so I can legitimately describe him as a man who offers the nation "top wank entertainment".
Once energetic and sporting, he is now housebound, can have up to 30 fits a day, has a speech defect which makes it difficult to express himself, and is completely dependant on his parents.
A speech therapist recently told me that if the piercing damages the tendon in the tip of the tongue, a lifelong speech defect can result.
He was in a coma for five weeks, has a permanent speech defect and shakes down his right side.
The nine-year-old girl, who suffered head injuries in the attack which has left her with a speech defect, has already given detectives vital new leads.
Consequences of dental trauma include, speech defects, pulp necrosis, apical radiolucencies, partial or total pulp calcification, root resorption and marginal periodontal bone loss and the possibility that trauma from occlusion might contribute to the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.
Prevalence of malocclusion in three planes of space in patients diagnosed with speech defects clinics at the graduate clinics of functional orthopedics and orthodontics, at the Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia
It warned that psychological problems in childhood have a more severe long-term impact than physical conditions such as speech defects because they persist through life, reports the Daily Mail.