spina bifida


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Related to spina bifida: spina bifida occulta

spina bifida

a congenital condition in which the meninges of the spinal cord protrude through a gap in the backbone, sometimes causing enlargement of the skull (due to accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid) and paralysis

spina bifida

[¦spī·nə ′bī·fəd·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital anomaly characterized by defective closure of the vertebral canal with herniation of the spinal cord meninges.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ondari, an orthopaedic and spine surgeon at Nakuru Level 5 Hospital, spina bifida affects one to two people in 1000.
It's not known what causes spina bifida, but a lack of folic acid before and in the early stages of pregnancy is a significant risk factor.
And more than 200 babies who had this are born with spina bifida every year in the UK, according to charity Shine.
To develop the procedure Dr Belfort and colleague Dr Whitehead spent two years practising on sheep and a rubber ball with a doll inside, wrapped in chicken skin to mimic the defect in spina bifida.
Intervention programs developed to improve self-management in children with spina bifida should target the contextual factors of age and condition severity, while also improving self-management knowledge and self-efficacy.
However, imaging evidence by radiologists has firmly placed meningocele as spina bifida occulta [3, 7,121-123].
Plain radiograph of the lumbosacral spine may reveal failure of fusion of the posterior arch, hemivertebrae, sacral agenesis, spur of diastematomyelia, and signs indicating the presence of spina bifida. However, in paediatric patients, the radiological diagnosis (X-ray) is impaired by incomplete ossification and myelodysplasia/spinal dysraphism might be present with no evidence of bone alterations.11 Spinal dysraphism can be diagnosed by neonatal spinal ultrasound, but MRI is more specific, non- invasive and confirmatory diagnostic modality.12
Spina bifida. In: Alexander MA, Matthews DJ, editors.
In August 2014, a total of 19 population-based birth defects surveillance programs in the United States reported to CDC the number of cases of spina bifida (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes 741.0 and 741.9) and anencephaly (codes 740.0-740.1) among deliveries occurring during 1995-2011 among non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics, as well as all racial/ethnic groups combined.
The dad-of-four and Tana, 40, have backed the Scottish Spina Bifida Association - who help 3000 Scots families - since 2003.
The purpose of this study was to explore Internet use among adolescents with spina bifida with regard to its potential as a tool for patient education during the critical period of transition to adulthood, when making important future decisions regarding health care, education, employment, and lifestyle are dependent upon the knowledge of resources and skills in accessing them.

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