spire


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spire,

high, tapering structure crowning a tower and having a general pyramidal outline. The simplest spires were the steeply pitched timber roofs capping Romanesque towers and campaniles. In later Romanesque architecture the spire was commonly octagonal, topping a square tower. Transition between the two shapes was effected by filling each corner with a decorative pinnacle or a small turret. With Gothic development the spire became more elaborate. Generally the tower proper was capped by a parapet, behind which rose the stone spire, its edges finished with a molding and adorned with crockets. The corner pinnacles, with their niches, gables, and crockets, were often joined to the spire roof by flying arches. In France spires (called flèches) sometimes were placed over the two western towers of the cathedrals; at Chartres they are of two different periods, Romanesque and Gothic. In England the central tower of a cathedral often had a spire; at Lichfield one crowns each western tower as well. The ultimate elaboration in Gothic spires was attained with the addition of openwork tracery, as in the flamboyant example of Rouen (Tour de Beurre). The Germans, particularly, favored intricate openwork compositions, as at the cathedrals of Strasbourg (1015–1439) and Vienna (15th cent.). England in the late 17th cent. gave the spire new form in the numerous churches that Sir Christopher Wren built for London after the great fire. These were either the roof type, with richly curved baroque outlines, or cupola compositions with such classical features as columns and pediments. St. Martin-in-the-Fields (1722–26), built by James Gibbs, illustrates the Georgian spire or steeple with its receding stages of classic architecture terminated by a steep pyramidal roof. It was an influential prototype for the slender, classical spires of American colonial churches.

Spire

A slender pointed element on top of a building, generally a narrow octagonal pyramid set above a square tower.

Spire

 

a vertical, sharply pointed structure surmounting a building, having the shape of a cone tapering upward. Spires are often capped with a flag or a sculpted or carved figure, such as the ship on the Admiralty spire in Leningrad.

spire

[spīr]
(architecture)
As a landmark, a prominent, slender, pointed structure surmounting a building; a spire is seldom less than two-thirds of the entire height, and its lines are rarely broken by stages or other features.
(botany)
A narrow, tapering blade or stalk.

spire

Any slender pointed construction surmounting a building; generally a narrow octagonal pyramid set above a square tower.

spire

1
1. a tall structure that tapers upwards to a point, esp one on a tower or roof or one that forms the upper part of a steeple
2. a slender tapering shoot or stem, such as a blade of grass

spire

2
the apical part of a spiral shell
References in periodicals archive ?
The C Spire Home touchscreen color control panel, built by Honeywell, is UL certified and will serve as the primary hub to manage C Spire's all-digital home security, monitoring and automation platform.
"Century Spire reflects the company's passion for delivering world-class and innovative real estate developments.
He chose Spire because it evokes the top of the Empire State Building, he said, and symbolizes his hope of attracting the top agents in the industry.
Working with HLB Architects, from Durham, Stone completed the project by hand using traditional methods, rather than modern machinery, to sensitively repair the spire.
The council's historic environment champion, Cllr Berni Turner, said the now likely demolition of the church and spire was appalling.
Parish priest Fr Paddy Curran said the spire will now cost EUR1millopn and be funded from donations.
"Selenium, which is an essential dietary requirement, acts catalytically to produce superoxide radicals that disrupt bacterial cells," said Mark Little, CEO of Spire Biomedical.
Spire Solar Chicago has also done a great job with the design and coordination of the system."
It is the second time the spire has been renovated in the past 30 years ( and this time it's for good, according to Rodney Cartridge, chairman of the church building group.
Fish bought all assets of Spire Mountain Cider and will relocate all cider production to the Fish Brewery in Olympia by late January.
Designed to electronically process and transmit color images to the DocuColor 3535, the Spire CXP3535e color server lets people maximize the print quality and performance of the printer's engine by delivering powerful color management, color calibration and enhanced productivity.