splenium


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splenium

[′splē·nē·əm]
(anatomy)
The rounded posterior extremity of the corpus callosum.
(medicine)
A bandage.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transient corpus callosum splenium lesions have been identified in many infectious and non-infectious diseases (3).
Magnetic resonance imaging indicated a lesion in the left medial temporal region, including the equilateral thalamus, posterior cingulate gyrus, splenium of corpus callosum, lingual occipital gyrus, and the tail of the hippocampus.
2) lesions at the splenium of the corpus callosum (type I) were seen in 7 patients.
Magnetic resonance imaging findings in Reversible splenial lesion syndrome include an oval or semi-oval signal increase in the splenium portion of the corpus callosum (boomerang sign) together with a reduction in apparent diffusion coefficient as evidence of cytotoxic oedema and diffusion restriction in the splenium on diffusion weighted imaging.
The splenium of the corpus callosum is located superior to the plane of the incisura.
For determining the parts of CC the two lines including a line from the inferior borders of the splenium to rostrum and a vertical line extending to the first line were drawn.
More distant abnormalities are also described, such as restricted diffusion affecting the splenium [47], unilateral or bilateral increased signal on T2 FLAIR imaging affecting the ipsilateral posterior thalamus/pulvinar region, or the contralateral cerebellum representing cerebellar diaschisis [48, 49] (Figure 5).
Juraska, "Myelination in the splenium of the corpus callosum in adult male and female rats," Developmental Brain Research, vol.
S-AES scores were positively correlated with RD measures (Figure 2) (p <.05, TFCE corrected) in the splenium of the CC.
Taking the CC as an example, its centerline should be a curve that starts at the anterior pole of the rostrum and ends at the posterior pole of the splenium. Therefore, centerline extraction cannot completely depend on the techniques of skeletonization.
An MRI brain scan showed a substantial increase in lesion size, and new lesions appeared on splenium of corpus callosum and right temporal lobe with a significant mass effect on the right lateral ventricle.
Alexia without agraphia is a syndrome involving impaired communication between the inferior portion of the splenium of the corpus callosum and the medial occipitotemporal gyrus of the dominant hemisphere [5].