splint

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Related to splints: shin splints

splint,

rigid or semiflexible device for the immobilization of displaced or fractured parts of the body. Most commonly employed for fractures of bones, a splint may be a first-aid measure that allows the patient to be moved without displacing the injured part, or it may be a means of fixation to immobilize the bones until healing is complete. Any material that offers the degree of resistance required may be used for a temporary splint, e.g., cloth, gauze, plaster, or metal. Splints made of plastic and fiberglass are now molded to fit specific parts of the body. Air splints are made of rubber or plastic that can be blown up to effectively immobilize a limb.

Splint

 

a device for immobilizing injured parts of the body. A splint is applied to a fracture, sprain, or areas with extensive injury to soft tissues; it is also applied in cases of inflammatory diseases of the limbs, in cases of burns, and after surgery on bones, blood vessels, and nerves in the extremities. A distinction is made between transport and therapeutic splints.

Transport splints are applied as a first-aid remedy before the victim is transported to a medical facility. The purpose is to immobilize the injured part and prevent the development of traumatic shock or increased bleeding when bone fragments are moved. Standard transport splints are made of wood, of wire (several types measuring 75 to 100 cm in length and 6 to 10 cm in width are available), which easily conforms to the contour of the limb regardless of the site of the injury, or of plastic. There are also pneumatic and vacuum types. If standard splints are not available, immobilization during transport can be achieved by improvising splints from available materials, such as a board, a ski, a piece of plywood, or a stick. In applying a transport splint it is important that the two segments adjoining the injured one also be immobilized. For example, in the case of a shin fracture, the splint is secured to the foot, crus, and thigh by bandages; in the case of a shoulder fracture, it is applied to the forearm, shoulder, and chest. The splint should be padded with soft material to prevent ulcération.

Therapeutic splints are used for extended immobilization, for the length of time required for a fracture to heal. For example, metal splints are used in skeletal traction. In stomatology, splints made of wire or quick-hardening plastic, special appliances, or arches are used to immobilize the parts in fractures of the upper or lower jaw and after ostéoplastie surgery of the jaw.

V. F. POZHARISKII

splint

[splint]
(geology)
(medicine)
A stiff or flexible material applied to an anatomical part in order to protect it, immobilize it, or restrict its motion.

splint

1. a rigid support for restricting movement of an injured part, esp a broken bone
2. Vet science inflammation of the small metatarsal or metacarpal bones along the side of the cannon bone of a horse
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: We concluded that the frequency of efficacy of intranasal splints for the prevention of nasal adhesion following septal surgery is significantly higher when compared with nasal packing.
A shin splint is a soft-tissue injury, whereas a stress fracture is a partial break In the bone.
This program represents a way for us, as administrators, to properly train our staff to cast and splint our patients in a consistent way.
9 The splints are held in place 3-4 weeks according to the instructions of International Academy of Dental Traumatology (IADT).
Morriston Hospital in Swansea is testing a revolutionary new splint to help people who have damaged their brachial plexus - which connects the spine to the upper limbs.
As well as being tested by co-creator Mr Wheeler, 23-year-old kickboxing champ Leif Thobroe is also trialling the splint.
A bioresorbable 3D-printed splint developed at the University of Michigan has saved the lives of four infants since 2013, thanks to FDA approval for Expanded Access to an investigational medical device, the U of M said on Monday.
Shin splints occur with overuse, so consider reducing the time, length, or distance of your exercise until you can build up your fitness level to match your workout regimen.
The bamboo splints provides good stability at fracture site (Balappanavar, 2009) and this method is cheaper and easy to design in field condition (Patil, 2009).
On the other hand the use of occlusal splints to promote muscle relaxation of the TMJ is widespread and there is evidence of its effectiveness at that level5.
The theft has had a massive impact on my life because I can't really do anything without the splints.
Some rhinologists use intranasal septal splints as an alternative to nasal packing.