spondee

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spondee

Prosody a metrical foot consisting of two long syllables (– –)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Spondee

 

(1) In classical versification, a foot consisting of two long syllables (— —).

(2) In syllabotonic versification, a trochaic or iambic foot with an additional stress (ن ن). This type of spondee usually occurs at the beginning of an iambic line or hemistich; an example is A. S. Pushkin’s Shvéd, rússkii kolet, rubit, rezhet (”The Swede, the Russian, thrusts, slashes, cuts”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this poem, Warner evokes the multitudinous "there" with olfactory and tactile exactitude by means of his penchant for monosyllabic words and spondaic and trochaic feet, as in
The meter of the poem breaks twice only and in only two significant places: "Strong, silent, purposeful beyond his kind," where we get the ten syllables scan not as iambic but rather as spondaic for emphasis.
On the other hand, there is no real comment on aspects of versification, such as the unusual spondaic fifth foot in Elegy 1.2.81, "Quid juvat Assyriis in odoribus elanguentem," and despite the generally full references to modern critical sources, there is one surprising omission, the first volume of Les Cahiers de l'humanisme (printed in 2000), entirely devoted to Secundus and in which the editor himself has an article.
216r (copied after 1522 and containing only two poems, numbers 72 and 102): while it has a variant reading placet for placent against the majority of the witnesses, it also has Sed mallem against the variant reading mallem of the edition of Thomas Mitis (Farrago prima 1562) which would transform the line into a spondaic hexameter.
The slight alteration in the metre's pattern of stresses as the spondaic refrain 'Be still' is repeated--and a significant metrical alteration also occurs in the later poem--suggests another heart rhythm overlaid and intermeshed with the speaker's.
In any event, the repetitions of "I have done" throughout the text paradoxically imply the speaker may be protesting too much that he is saying farewell to love and his lover (an implication emphasized when one acknowledges the possibility of a spondaic stress on both the auxiliary and final verb in "have done").
Then, at the verse end, Zuk's "in three," rendering lexically the previously "sacked" tribus, borrows the spondaic oomph it rhetorically wants from chartis, which in turn gets rendered lexically--moved one line down but sitting in its proper verse-final seat--as "papers." Fine stuff, all of this, and the sort of thing Roman poets, those that could, did in translating or better stealing from Greek poets.
Spondaic stimuli are words that have equal stress on each syllable.
We then analyze completely rhythmic and binary meters as unmarked (anapestic dimeter) and analyze arrhythmic (dactylic, iambic, spondaic) and nonbinary meters (trimeter, etc.) as prosodically marked, describing them in terms of the constraints on rhythm and binarity that they violate.
She wandered around smashing things hormonally, and spoke in iambic pentameter with occasional spondaic substitution and end rhyme.
Calling Aldhelm's hexameters 'spondaic' and 'metrically monotonous', Orchard exposes Aldhelm's poetic art.