In this poem, Warner evokes the multitudinous "there" with olfactory and tactile exactitude by means of his penchant for monosyllabic words and spondaic
and trochaic feet, as in
The meter of the poem breaks twice only and in only two significant places: "Strong, silent, purposeful beyond his kind," where we get the ten syllables scan not as iambic but rather as spondaic
On the other hand, there is no real comment on aspects of versification, such as the unusual spondaic
fifth foot in Elegy 1.2.81, "Quid juvat Assyriis in odoribus elanguentem," and despite the generally full references to modern critical sources, there is one surprising omission, the first volume of Les Cahiers de l'humanisme (printed in 2000), entirely devoted to Secundus and in which the editor himself has an article.
216r (copied after 1522 and containing only two poems, numbers 72 and 102): while it has a variant reading placet for placent against the majority of the witnesses, it also has Sed mallem against the variant reading mallem of the edition of Thomas Mitis (Farrago prima 1562) which would transform the line into a spondaic
The slight alteration in the metre's pattern of stresses as the spondaic
refrain 'Be still' is repeated--and a significant metrical alteration also occurs in the later poem--suggests another heart rhythm overlaid and intermeshed with the speaker's.
In any event, the repetitions of "I have done" throughout the text paradoxically imply the speaker may be protesting too much that he is saying farewell to love and his lover (an implication emphasized when one acknowledges the possibility of a spondaic
stress on both the auxiliary and final verb in "have done").
Then, at the verse end, Zuk's "in three," rendering lexically the previously "sacked" tribus, borrows the spondaic
oomph it rhetorically wants from chartis, which in turn gets rendered lexically--moved one line down but sitting in its proper verse-final seat--as "papers." Fine stuff, all of this, and the sort of thing Roman poets, those that could, did in translating or better stealing from Greek poets.
This is true also of prosody, because there must be harmony between feelings expressed and the metre chosen: so that "drama more closely resembles nature: and reflects changes in emotional stress, the poet passes from one rhythm to another: "hence the use of the anapest for the chorus, of the iamb for dialogue and the trochee for passion;" (48) a spondaic
line of Lucretius, for example, because of its long syllables, looks almost monstrous and full of shadow.
stimuli are words that have equal stress on each syllable.
We then analyze completely rhythmic and binary meters as unmarked (anapestic dimeter) and analyze arrhythmic (dactylic, iambic, spondaic
) and nonbinary meters (trimeter, etc.) as prosodically marked, describing them in terms of the constraints on rhythm and binarity that they violate.
She wandered around smashing things hormonally, and spoke in iambic pentameter with occasional spondaic
substitution and end rhyme.
Calling Aldhelm's hexameters 'spondaic
' and 'metrically monotonous', Orchard exposes Aldhelm's poetic art.