A recent study using next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques demonstrated a vaginal microbiota difference between preterm delivery and normal spontaneous delivery
, and also there is evidence on cervical microbiota associations with pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, and obesity [12-15].
 These haematomas are usually associated with forceps delivery, but may also occur following a spontaneous delivery
. In contrast to the vulva, vessels in the vagina are surrounded by soft tissue and do not lie in the superficial fascia.
The cortisol level was significantly higher after vacuum-assisted delivery than after spontaneous delivery
Although WHO trial has reported that there was a small difference in the amount of blood loss in the woman who delivered their placenta by CCT as compared to spontaneous delivery
of placenta, the blood loss was 10ml less in the CCT group.
The patient was born by normal spontaneous delivery
with a birth weight of 3 340 g.
This resulted in an intrauterine death and early clinical DIC that concluded in a spontaneous delivery
, probably due to maternal hypoxia and the abnormal fetus (microcephaly).
The perinatal mortality in different mode of delivery, IPV and breech extraction (12/1000) spontaneous delivery
(193/1000), LSCS (122/1000), assisted breech (11/1000), spontaneous breech (11/1000).
She presented in spontaneous labor at 38 6/7 weeks gestation and had a spontaneous delivery
of a healthy 7 pound, 13 oz female infant with a third degree midline laceration.
Second-trimester cervical ultrasound: associations with increased risk for recurrent early spontaneous delivery
. Obstet Gynecol 2000; 95 : 222-6.
* women who exercise throughout their pregnancies have a higher incidence of uncomplicated, spontaneous delivery
with less time spent in labor (2)