Patients who were treated in the department of emergency medicine in our center (a tertiary hospital) between January 1, 2013 and January 1, 2015 for spontaneous pneumothorax
were retrospectively evaluated.
Management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax
(SP) is a relatively uncommon condition affecting mostly young, thin, and otherwise healthy male smokers.
Primary spontaneous pneumothorax
results from rupture of sub pleural emphysematous blebs that are usually located in the apices of the lung.
Risk factors associated with various types of pneumothorax Primary spontaneous pneumothorax
(PSP) Smoking Family history of PSP Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome Familial cancer syndrome (FLCN) Marfan syndrome Homocystinuria Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax
(SSP) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Cystic fibrosis Lung malignancy Necrotizing pneumonia Catamenial (*) Rare: Ankylosing spondylitis Asthma Histiocytosis X Interstitial lung disease Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Metastatic sarcoma Rheumatoid arthritis Sarcoidosis Iatrogenic / Traumatic Chest wall trauma Open or minimally invasive procedures to the chest wall or abdomen Infection Presence of gas forming organisms (*) In association with menses due to intra-thoracic endometriosis
Thoracoscopic parietal pleural argon beam coagulation versus pleural abrasion in the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax
An unusual presentation of spontaneous pneumothorax
secondary to talc-induced pulmonary granulomatosis," Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol.
Over half pneumothoraces are traumatic, either accidental or iatrogenic; the remaining occur without any preceding trauma and are labelled spontaneous pneumothorax
Spirometry confirmed a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the underlying cause for the spontaneous pneumothorax
and tuberculosis: long-term follow-up.
occurring in the majority of these patients arises from the rupture of subpleural blebs.
(SP) is a potentially fatal complication that may occur in up to 2% of the patients.