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Related to sprain: Ankle sprain


stretching or wrenching of the ligaments and tendons of a joint, often with rupture of the tissues but without dislocation. Sprains occur most commonly at the ankle, knee, or wrist joints, causing pain, swelling, and difficulty in moving the involved joint. Treatment consists of application of ice bags or cold compresses, elevation of the injured part, and strapping or bandaging to substitute for the support usually given by the ligaments. A severe ankle sprain may require a cast to immobilize the joint for healing. See first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an injury of such soft tissues as muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves, caused by the impact of a force that stretches them but does not disrupt their anatomic integrity. Sprains occur when abrupt movements exceed a joint’s normal range of movement, as when a foot is twisted or when an athlete throws an object.

Sprains are most common in the ligaments of the ankle and knee joints. The sprain is not caused by stretching of the ligament, which is tissue with a very small reserve of elasticity. Rather, the cause is rupture of some of the ligament’s fibers and hemorrhage within the tissues. The degree of sprain varies from slight soreness lasting one to two days to severe sprain bordering on rupture of the ligament, with edema, hemorrhage, and soreness continuing for two to three weeks. In sprain, the joint’s movements are limited. Sprains of nerve trunks, which sometimes accompany dislocations of the joints, temporarily disrupt the nerve’s conductivity and consequently cause loss of motor and sensory functions. With all types and degrees of sprain, X rays are used to ascertain whether a bone has been fractured.

In the case of slight sprains, the area is bandaged tightly and the patient rests for one to three days. In severe cases, a plaster cast is used to immobilize the joint for three weeks. Subsequent treatment consists of physiotherapy and therapeutic exercise.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A wrenching of a joint, producing a stretching or laceration of the ligaments.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a sudden twisting or wrenching of the ligaments of a joint
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
What about preventing ankle sprains? No exercise truly can prevent a sprain.
The most common mechanism for such injuries is supination, combination of adduction and inversion of the plantar-flexed foot.1-3 The most common predisposing factor to an ankle sprain is a previous ankle sprain.1,4 Ankle injuries account for 3-5% and 2-6% of overall visits to emergency departments in Britain and the United States respectively.5-7
The good thing is that a limp derived from a sprain or strain shouldn't last forever, especially if the proper steps are taken.
Acutely after a lateral ankle sprain research has demonstrated significant decreases in voluntary physical activity in a mouse model (Hubbard-Turner et al., 2012).
He said: "I was saying I thought it was a sprain but one of the make-up artists said, 'Tony, I worked on The Royal, that isn't a sprain, I think it's broken'.
Hence it is applied over the lateral side of ankle joint for lateral ankle sprain. (4)
When the body moves into extreme weightbearing plantar flexion (en pointe), the base of support is reduced, the ankle is placed in a more vulnerable position, and the risk of ankle sprain injury is increased.
You stick them to the site of pain, like a sore shoulder or knee for instance, and the ingredients (they contain methyl salicylate and levomenthol, topical treatments used to soothe muscle and joint strains and sprains) are absorbed into the skin.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the "as needed" dosing of naproxen compared to the twice daily dosing in the management of grade 1 and 2 acute ankle sprain.
According to the American College of Sports Medicine, research suggests that on any given day, about 25,000 Americans have an ankle sprain, and 40 percent of those sprains are misdiagnosed or improperly treated, leading to chronic ankle pain and loss of mobility.
BERLIN--Traumeel ointment and gel proved equal to diclofenac gel 1% in achieving pain reduction and improved joint function in patients with acute ankle sprain, according to study results.